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Moroccan Public Universities Confronting the Challenge of Patent Valorization: Potentialities and Realities

By
Marzougui Yassine ,
Marzougui Yassine

Faculty of Science and Technology (FST), Laboratory: Engineering, Industrial Management and Innovation, Department of Doctoral Studies in Science and Technology and Medical Sciences. Hassan First University, Settat, Morocco

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Omar Elyoussoufi Attou ,
Omar Elyoussoufi Attou

National Center for Scientific and Technical Research (CNRST), Department of Doctoral Studies in Science, Affiliated to Engineering, Industrial Management & Innovation Laboratory (IMII), Faculty of Science and Technics (FST), Hassan First University, Settat, Morocco

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Moha Arouch ,
Moha Arouch

Faculty of Science and Technology (FST), Science and Technology Department, Laboratory: Engineering, Industrial Management and Innovation, Hassan First University, Settat, Morocco

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Abstract

This study examines the intricate dynamics of patent valorization within Moroccan higher education institutions, highlighting a pronounced contrast between the efficiency of patent generation and the inherent challenges in their commercial exploitation. Leveraging a qualitative methodology, particularly through in-depth interviews with key stakeholders involved in the patent valorization process within public universities, the research uncovers the primary obstacles that impede the transformation of university patents into marketable innovations. These obstacles include a lack of specifically allocated funding for post-patent development phases, a deficiency in marketing and entrepreneurship skills among academic staff, limited interactions with the industry, and a regulatory framework perceived as restrictive. Based on these observations, we propose a set of strategic recommendations on two levels: national and university. Nationally, we recommend the establishment of dedicated valorization funds to finance key commercialization phases, a substantial revision of the regulatory framework to simplify and encourage the valorization process, and the implementation of incentive mechanisms to strengthen collaborations between universities and the industrial sector. Within university settings, it is crucial to integrate specialized training programs for researchers and valorization managers focused on intellectual property management and technology transfer, and to bolster existing valorization structures. These structures should be equipped with the necessary resources to efficiently identify and support patentable innovations. Furthermore, it is advised to promote the creation of incubators and accelerators within universities to support innovative startups emerging from academic research. The ultimate aim of this contribution is to provide strategic guidance for enhancing the effectiveness of university patent valorization, thereby fostering innovation and contributing to Morocco's economic development.

How to Cite

1.
Marzougui Y, Elyoussoufi Attou O, Arouch M. Moroccan Public Universities Confronting the Challenge of Patent Valorization: Potentialities and Realities. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];4:1001. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/1001

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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