In chronic nasal obstructive syndrome, mucosal desiccation occurs, causing cilia to be damaged and becoming more susceptible to infection and altering pulmonary function. A bibliographic review was carried out including 28 documents, with the aim of describing the main elements of Nasal Obstructive Syndrome in pediatric patients. Nasal Obstructive Syndrome is considered worldwide one of the most frequent diseases in children and adolescents. Nasal obstruction is a symptom that is frequently presented in dentistry. It manifests as a discomfort, which manifests as a sensation of insufficient airflow through the nose. There are anatomical, physiological and neurological/iatrogenic factors that can cause nasal obstruction. Therefore, it is always pertinent to perform a detailed anamnesis and a thorough physical examination of each patient to properly diagnose the cause of their nasal obstruction, keeping in mind the premise that it is a multifactorial disease.
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