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Knowledge and attitudes of adolescents about sexually transmitted diseases

By
Christian Alexander Chicaiza Bautista ,
Christian Alexander Chicaiza Bautista

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato, Ecuador

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Verónica del Pilar Cantuñi Carpio ,
Verónica del Pilar Cantuñi Carpio

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases are communicable pathologies caused by microorganisms such as viruses, fungi and bacteria, which are acquired through sexual or non-sexual contact.
Objective: To determine the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents towards sexually transmitted diseases.
Methods: A quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional cohort study was carried out with a population made up of 102 leveling students of the Nursing Career. Using two validated instruments, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.88 and 0.66, the first consists of 24 multiple-choice questions that evaluate five components: general knowledge of HIV, knowledge of condoms as a protective method, knowledge of HIV transmission routes HIV prevention and knowledge about other sexually transmitted diseases and the second consisted of 10 questions; 8 open and 2 closed to know their attitudes. Results: The participants comprised an age between 15 to 19 years; with a predominance of the female gender in 82.4%, there are adolescents who have not started their sexual activity with 43.1%. In addition, this research aims to know the knowledge, so the results of the evaluation indicate that most adolescents have an average knowledge (15 points) on this topic. Conclusion: It can be concluded that adolescents have an average knowledge regarding STIs, which is why it is essential to promote health promotion and disease prevention as a fundamental nursing strategy.

How to Cite

1.
Chicaiza Bautista CA, Cantuñi Carpio V del P. Knowledge and attitudes of adolescents about sexually transmitted diseases. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 7 [cited 2024 Apr. 12];3:344. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/344

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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