Introduction: Pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation (VAP), is one of the main conditions of intubated patients, in this sense nursing professionals play a fundamental role in its prevention, since they provide direct care to the patient in order to achieve early recovery and avoid complications that lengthen hospital stay or even cause death.
Methods: The present research was qualitative with a phenomenological approach, in which 7 nurses from the Intensive Care Unit participated, for the collection of information a semi-structured interview was used and the data were analyzed with the Atlas. Ti.
Results: The participants recognized its importance in the prevention of VAPM, in terms of care they demonstrated to have a broad knowledge, although not completely, they are also aware of the factors that hinder its prevention and the benefits achieved by preventing pathology.
Conclusions: There are several strengths that were identified in nursing professionals, when caring for these patients, however, the most remarkable was being proactive, since, although they have managed to provide good care, although not in its entirety, it has been by their own interest and based on self-education. Likewise, there are several limitations that they face, among which stand out the lack of resources, as well as the lack of knowledge to perform some care, so it is recommended to establish a training plan and protocolized training in the manipulation of the airway.
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