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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a limiting disease

Joselyn Vaca ,
Joselyn Vaca

Hospital General Docente Ambato, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ecuador

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Roberto Acosta ,
Roberto Acosta

Carrera de Medicina, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ecuador

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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common type of arthritis in children and adolescents with a chronic course and unknown etiology. The incidence and prevalence of the disease are variable. Worldwide, its incidence ranges between 1.6-23 cases/100,000 children under 16 years of age/year and its prevalence between 3.8-400/100,000. The complications that occur in these patients range from delayed growth and osteoporosis to alteration of several organs. Treatment of JIA requires anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory medications and physical therapy.
Methods: Descriptive and retrospective bibliography review by compiling available and updated information in databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed and Science Direct. The inclusion criteria were: articles published from 2019 to the current date (2023), topics directly related to the proposed title such as idiopathic arthritis, growth restriction, complications, articles available and accessible to the public. Likewise. They excluded those articles that had limited accessibility, incomplete texts and inconclusive research results. Each article must be carefully analyzed taking into account the different points of view of each author.
Results: One in three children with JIA has growth retardation, the severity is predicted by the low age of onset of the disease and the long duration of the disease. Correlation and regression analysis showed that low age at diagnosis and disease duration are significant predictors of the severity of stunting.
Conclusions: Growth disturbance is an important complication of JIA, with important implications for both physical and psychosocial health, and its growth can also slow down. It is a major concern for families of young children with JIA and an additional challenge for older children and adolescents facing the impact of the chronic disease.

How to Cite

Vaca J, Acosta R. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a limiting disease. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 15 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];3:614. Available from:

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