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Cardiovascular risk in older adults at the Policlínico "5 de Septiembre"

By
Denis Ariel Pérez Álvarez ,
Denis Ariel Pérez Álvarez

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Hospital General Docente “Abel Santamaría Cuadrado”. Pinar del Río, Cuba.

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Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo ,
Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba.

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Iván Bustinzuriaga-Marto ,
Iván Bustinzuriaga-Marto

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba.

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Francisca Díaz-Pita ,
Francisca Díaz-Pita

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba.

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Aymeé María Díaz Esquivel ,
Aymeé María Díaz Esquivel

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba.

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Abstract

Introduction: cardiovascular health in the elderly constitutes a line of research of great value for the improvement of health services in primary health care.
Objective: to identify cardiovascular risk in older adults at the Policlínico Universitario "5 de septiembre", Consolación del Sur, in the period 2019-2022.
Methods: observational, analytical, transversal study. A sample of 176 patients was selected by simple random sampling. One-factor analysis of variance, Student's t-test and Mann Whitney U test were used as inferential statistical tests, as well as the Kaplan-Meier curve to predict event-free evolution.
Results: 36,4 % of the adults were aged 80 to 89 years and 72,7 % had a moderate cardiovascular risk. A significant statistical association (p<0,001) was identified between age, sex, blood pressure, weight, height, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio and cardiovascular risk. The presence of sedentary lifestyle, left ventricular hypertrophy, atrial fibrillation, family history of diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease, being a smoker and consuming alcohol were associated with increased cardiovascular risk (p<0,001). Follow-up up to 18 months identified the presence of cardiovascular events in 27,3 %.
Conclusions: in older adults a moderate cardiovascular risk was identified, determined by the sum of clinical-humoral factors, habits and lifestyles, and genetic factors, with the presence of early cardiovascular events in those at higher cardiovascular risk.

How to Cite

1.
Pérez Álvarez DA, Vitón-Castillo AA, Bustinzuriaga-Marto I, Díaz-Pita F, Díaz Esquivel AM. Cardiovascular risk in older adults at the Policlínico "5 de Septiembre". Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 21 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];4:685. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/685

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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