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HIV epidemiological surveillance in Ecuador, a review bibliography

By
Jennyfer Paulina Tobar Andy ,
Jennyfer Paulina Tobar Andy

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud. Ambato, Ecuador

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Francisco Xavier Poveda Paredes ,
Francisco Xavier Poveda Paredes

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud. Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is characterized by attacking TCD4 cells and macrophages; with the progression of the pathology, secondary infections can develop.
Objetive: to describe the theoretical foundations of the HIV epidemiological surveillance system in Ecuador.
Methods: research based on bibliographic review in different databases, Epidemiological Gazettes, SIVE-ALERTA Manuals and websites of Scientific Knowledge Organizations, the PICOT question was also implemented and 25 articles based on the PRISMA method were used.
Results: The surveillance procedure is based on universal surveillance with different diagnostic methods, notified through EPI INFO-SIGEPI databases registered with the Ministry of Public Health. The total number of infections in Ecuador in 2022 is 48,924, with a higher incidence in the province of Napo with 0.67 and new cases in the province of Guayas with 32.5%.
Conclusion: Information from different databases on the incidence, prevalence, morbidity, mortality and opportunistic infections of the HIV virus was synthesized.

How to Cite

1.
Tobar Andy JP, Poveda Paredes FX. HIV epidemiological surveillance in Ecuador, a review bibliography. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 29 [cited 2024 Feb. 23];4:707. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/707

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

 

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