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Relationship between sociodemographic factors and quality of life in hemodialysis patients

Edith Rivas Riveros ,
Edith Rivas Riveros

Universidad de la Frontera, Facultad de Medicina. Temuco, Chile.

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Miguel Ángel López Espinoza ,
Miguel Ángel López Espinoza

Carrera de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Adventista de Chile. Chillán, Chile.

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Introduction: chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive alteration that can lead to renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis, HD). This situation has an impact on the quality of life and is affected by the patient's sociodemographic factors, Objective: determine the relationship between sociodemographic factors and quality of life in hemodialysis patients, Methods: cross-sectional analytical study in a population of 92 patients with a diagnosis of CKD in stage V, with HD treatment. Biomedical data were collected with a dialysis record. Quality of life was estimated with the KDQOL-36 scale. Their scores were compared according to two or more groups with Mann-Whitney U tests, or Kruskal-Wallis, respectively. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used for ordinal variables. R-Studio was applied, Results: education is statistically related to “symptoms/problems” (p=0.0176), “effects of kidney disease” (p=0.0054), and “burden of kidney disease” (p=0.0200), with a tendency to observe higher scores in university studies; while economic income was the same with these last two factors (rho=0.24 and rho=0.23, respectively). Furthermore, the “symptoms/problems” score was statistically higher in men than women (74.3 versus 64.1; p=0.00417) and in the case of the “physical component” summary, patients treated in a center public hospital presented statistically higher scores compared to patients treated in private centers (38.1 versus 32.0; p=0.00607), Conclusions: there are aspects of quality of life that are linked to sociodemographic factors that health professionals can consider to focus efforts of the health team and improve this important variable.

How to Cite

Rivas Riveros E, López Espinoza M. Relationship between sociodemographic factors and quality of life in hemodialysis patients. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 15 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];4:744. Available from:

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