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Muscleness and fatness phenotypes for diabetes and hypertension prediction from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016-17

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Cristian Alvarez ,
Cristian Alvarez

Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, School of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, 7591538, Chile

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Christian Campos-Jara ,
Christian Campos-Jara

Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, School of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, 7591538, Chile

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Francisco Guede-Rojas ,
Francisco Guede-Rojas

Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, School of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, 7591538, Chile

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Claudia Marchant ,
Claudia Marchant

Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, School of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, 7591538, Chile

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Héctor Márquez ,
Héctor Márquez

Carrera de Kinesiología, Universidad Andres Bello, Concepción, Chile

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Lorena Martínez-Ulloa ,
Lorena Martínez-Ulloa

Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, School of Speech, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, 7591538, Chile

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Igor Cigarroa ,
Igor Cigarroa

Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Los Ángeles 4440000, Chile

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Jaime Vásquez-Gómez ,
Jaime Vásquez-Gómez

Centro de Investigación de Estudios Avanzados del Maule (CIEAM), Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile

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Carmen Luz Muñoz-Mendoza ,
Carmen Luz Muñoz-Mendoza

Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud y de los Alimentos, Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chillán, Chile

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Cristian Caparros-Manosalva ,
Cristian Caparros-Manosalva

Departamento de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile

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Pedro Delgado-Floody ,
Pedro Delgado-Floody

Department of Physical Education, Sports and Recreation, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4811230, Chile

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Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes and arterial hypertension are increasing in adults, where calf circumference and waist circumference are two clinical epidemiological markers poorly studied for predicting cardiometabolic risk. Objective: To characterize four phenotypical models in the Chilean adult population based on muscleness and fatness using both calf circumference and waist circumference outcomes. Methodology: An epidemiological observational cross-sectional representative study based on the Chilean National Health Survey 2016-17, where four phenotypes groups were analyzed; Low skeletal muscle mass and high-waist circumference (Lsmm-Hwc, n=140), low skeletal muscle mass and low waist circumference (Lsmm-Lwc, n=242), high skeletal muscle mass and high waist circumference (Hsmm-Hwc, n=1076), and high skeletal muscle mass and low waist circumference (Hsmm-Lwc, n=1358). These groups described information about diabetes, hypertension prevalence, including other risk factors. Results: The reference group Hsmm-Lwc group showed lower fasting plasma glucose (FPG) vs. Hsmm-Hwc (90.4 [95%CI] [89.0; 91.8] vs. 111.7 [109.1; 114.3]), and vs. Lsmm-Hwc (90.4 [89.0; 91.8] vs. 118.3 [107.2; 129.4] mg/dL, both P<0.0001). Lower levels (i.e., appropriate) of FPG (R2 4.8%), glycated hemoglobin (R2 2.6%), systolic BP (R2 19.0%), and diastolic BP (R2 2.5%) were significantly associated (all, P<0.0001) with the Reference group Hsmm-Lwc. Conclusion: A high muscleness and low fatness phenotype is present in those who are younger adults, is associated with better glucose/blood pressure control, and reports low cardiovascular risk factors for diabetes and hypertension in Chilean adults.

How to Cite

1.
Alvarez C, Campos-Jara C, Guede-Rojas F, Marchant-Mella C, Márquez H, Martínez-Ulloa L, Cigarroa I, Vásquez-Gómez J, Muñoz-Mendoza CL, Caparros-Manosalva C, Delgado-Floody P. Muscleness and fatness phenotypes for diabetes and hypertension prediction from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016-17. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 14 [cited 2024 May 28];4:814. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/814

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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