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Description of oral hygiene habits in children with visual impairment in an ecuadorian school unit

By
Adriana Katherine Quezada Quiñonez ,
Adriana Katherine Quezada Quiñonez

Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes, Uniandes, Ibarra - Ecuador

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Brised Abigail Lara Lita ,
Brised Abigail Lara Lita

Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes, Uniandes, Ibarra - Ecuador

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Katherin Alejandra Gúzman Proaño ,
Katherin Alejandra Gúzman Proaño

Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes, Uniandes, Ibarra - Ecuador

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Pamela Alexandra Sánchez Sandoval ,
Pamela Alexandra Sánchez Sandoval

Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes, Uniandes, Ibarra - Ecuador

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Abstract

People with visual impairment face difficulties in maintaining optimal oral hygiene, due to the possible lack of knowledge about proper oral cleaning techniques. The objective of the study was to describe oral hygiene habits in people with visual impairment in children with visual impairment in the "La Joya" Specialized Educational Unit in the city of Otavalo, Ecuador. The study had a descriptive, observational, prospective and cross-sectional approach. Two techniques were used: surveys, using questionnaires, and interviews, using the interview guide. The population included parents of children with disabilities, teaching and administrative staff, as well as personnel trained in the education of children with visual impairment. Simple random probability sampling was used for the survey, with a total of 51 people, and non-probability purposive sampling was used for the interview, identifying two key informants. The findings showed an inclination toward educational interventions focused on hearing and touch, with special emphasis on specialized teaching and the use of adapted materials, such as dental models and Braille booklets, to promote oral care. Financial support for dental treatment is a crucial factor. The results highlight the need for a pediatric dentist at the "La Joya" Specialized Educational Unit. It is concluded that there is a notable lack of attention to oral cleanliness in children with visual impairment, mainly due to poor knowledge and follow-up by educational personnel, health professionals and parents

How to Cite

1.
Quezada Quiñonez AK, Lara Lita BA, Gúzman Proaño KAGP, Sánchez Sandoval PA. Description of oral hygiene habits in children with visual impairment in an ecuadorian school unit. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 4 [cited 2024 May 28];4:929. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/929

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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