Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct <p>Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología is a scientific journal focused on the areas of health and technological innovation with a multidisciplinary approach, indexed in Scopus and CAB Abstracts, double-blind peer-reviewed. The journal receives articles in Spanish, English and Portuguese.<br />The journal follows a continuous publication model, where articles, after acceptance, are formatted and published in a single volume per year. For this reason, the call for submissions is permanently open.</p> en-US <p>The article is distributed under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License</a>. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.</p> revista@revista.saludcyt.ar (Dr. William Castillo González) revista@revista.saludcyt.ar (Prof. Dr. Javier González Argote) Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on university professors at a University Institution in North Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/651 <p>Introduction: Psychological distress is one of the events that compromise the mental health of University professors in a situation that puts their physical and mental well-being at risk, therefore, the objective of the research is to determine psychological distress in University professors that are of a University Institution in North Lima.<br />Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental cross-sectional study, with a total population of 147 participating health professionals, who responded to a questionnaire of sociodemographic data and the depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21).<br />Results: The results show that in health professionals, 61 (41.5%) present high psychological distress, 44 (29.9%) medium psychological distress and 42 (28.6%) low psychological distress.<br />Conclusions: It is concluded that strategies should be sought to improve the mental health of health professionals, who are in the first line of care for COVID-19 patients and this should be increased in mental health services that allow attending to professionals who are at a higher risk of psychological distress.</p> Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Hernan Matta-Solis, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Copyright (c) 2023 Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Hernan Matta-Solis, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/651 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in primary health care to avoid diabetic foot https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/770 <p>Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, multifactorial disease, characterized by an alteration in carbohydrate metabolism. Objective: Determine self-care in patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus to prevent complications such as diabetic foot. Methodology: Quantitative, descriptive quasi-experimental study that includes a total of 20 adults from the Guaytacama parish of the city of Latacunga-Cotopaxi-Ecuador, for data collection a survey validated by experts in the area and with a reliability index was used. Cronbach's Alpha 0.9, inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied and data tabulation was carried out using the SPSS statistical tool. Results: At the beginning of the survey, it was determined that the patients had deficient knowledge about their disease and the care that it entails; after the intervention of the health personnel, the patients have clear information about self-care. Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is a disease that in the long term can cause disability, which is why the role of health personnel is fundamental in addressing education, since this helps to promote self-care, in order to avoid complications that can cause disability, and consequently psychological problems that worsen the quality of life of patients.</p> <p> </p> María Belén Espíndola Lara, Angel Rafael Borja Cabrera, Cinthya Anabel Ortiz Martínez, Diana Nathalie Navarrete Tinajero, Alba Maribel Viteri López, Fanny Paola Egas Medina, Anthony Steeven Vilca Ruiz Copyright (c) 2024 María Belén Espíndola Lara, Angel Rafael Borja Cabrera, Cinthya Anabel Ortiz Martínez, Diana Nathalie Navarrete Tinajero, Alba Maribel Viteri López, Fanny Paola Egas Medina, Anthony Steeven Vilca Ruiz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/770 Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The impact of child malnutrition on the teaching-learning process of schoolchildren https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/721 <p>Introduction: Malnutrition is a state of nutritional imbalance that results from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological needs. The causes, inadequate food intake in quantity and quality required to meet the needs of the body during growth and psychomotor development, childhood malnutrition, which affects children under 5 years of age worldwide, associated with social and economic determinants in the most countries in the region. In Ecuador it affects 27.2% of children under 2 years of age, this is the result of inadequate or insufficient nutrition. <br />Objectives: Determine the number of infants who are suffering from child malnutrition under 3 to 5 years of age E.G.B. Republic of Colombia, from the Saquisilí canton. <br />Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative design study with descriptive scope was carried out. Three instruments were used, the first instrument was the WHO growth curve, structured by percentiles, the second was the survey directed at parents, and the third instrument was a questionnaire to assess development-learning. <br />Results: The results obtained in this research describe that 90% exclusively maintained breast milk during the first six months of life, being a protective factor for the children's immune system. In the final results obtained from the research, mild malnutrition is reflected. In 36.7% of children, and a significant 20% of these children suffer from moderate malnutrition, which can indirectly affect their learning development. <br />Conclusions: In this sense, child malnutrition can be reduced by improving levels of maternal education and government policies to promote income redistribution, since the highest percentage of malnourished children belongs to the lowest poverty quintile.</p> Johana Mishel Sanchez Sinchiguano, Miriam Ivonne Fernández Nieto Copyright (c) 2024 Johana Mishel Sanchez Sinchiguano, Miriam Ivonne Fernández Nieto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/721 Thu, 15 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Difficulties during virtual education with students during the confinement by the Covid - 19 pandemic in Cañar, Ecuador https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/795 <p>The purpose of this research was to determine the difficulties caused by the confinement due to the pandemic caused by COVID-19 in "initial 2" (preschool) students of the Cañar parish, Ecuador. The study involved students residing in this community, who by means of questionnaires to their representatives allowed to know first-hand the main difficulties during the confinement. For this purpose, a quantitative research approach with a descriptive scope was developed; the data were collected using a randomized method, which consisted of using a Google form to administer a survey in which it was possible to evidence, among other things, the inequality of conditions that affect educational effectiveness, especially the lack of adequate spaces for learning. In addition, variations in the academic routines of students, with a significant percentage lacking an established routine, suggesting deficiencies in the management of activities by teachers. Lack of interaction with peers and teachers affected motivation and enjoyment of learning. In addition, confinement had an impact on fine motor skills and the learning of letters and numbers, and the problems of access to virtual classes showed the need for improvements in the technological infrastructure.</p> Juan Carlos Solano Chuma, Claudio Sebastián Montero Jácome Copyright (c) 2024 Juan Carlos Solano Chuma, Claudio Sebastián Montero Jácome https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/795 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Depression, Anxiety and Stress due to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Residents attending a Community Health Facility in North Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/732 <p>Introduction: Mental disorders are one of the problems caused by the coronavirus pandemic in the general population, so the objective of the study is to determine depression, anxiety and stress due to the COVID-19 pandemic in residents who go to a community health facility in North Lima, Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional study, with a total population of 140 people attending a community health facility, who answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic aspects and the scale of depression, anxiety and stress, Results In their results, we can observe that 51.4% (n=72) of the participants have moderate depression, 45% (n=63) moderate anxiety and 42.1% (n=59) moderate stress, Conclusions: In conclusion, actions aimed at the mental health of the general population due to the COVID-19 pandemic must be reinforced, improved or implemented in a comprehensive manner</p> Brian Meneses-Claudio, Juan Saberbein-Muñoz, Maria Salinas-Cruz, Teresa Quesada-Aramburu, Elias Mejia-Mejia, Francis Díaz-Flores, Enrique Lee Huamaní, Melissa Yauri-Machaca Copyright (c) 2024 Brian Meneses-Claudio, Juan Saberbein-Muñoz, Maria Salinas-Cruz, Teresa Quesada-Aramburu, Elias Mejia-Mejia, Francis Díaz-Flores, Enrique Lee Huamaní, Melissa Yauri-Machaca https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/732 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Pathogenic variant c.35delG of the GJB2 gene associated with nonsyndromic prelingual deafness https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/766 <p>Introduction: The pathogenic variant c.35delG of the GJB2 gene is the most frequently observed in all populations, associated with nonsyndromic autosomal recessive prelingual prelingual sensorineural deafness, since 2001 is available in the National Network of Medical Genetics the study of this mutation. <br />Objective: to describe the presence of the pathogenic variant c.35delG of the GJB2 gene associated with nonsyndromic prelingual deafness, with evidence of autosomal recessive inheritance. <br />Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 379 cases registered with isolated prelingual hearing loss between 2001 and 2023; for the identification of the c.35delG mutation, the polymerase chain reaction technique was used, with enzymatic digestion, and its genotype and frequency were described. <br />Results: The pathogenic variant c.35delG of the GJB2 gene was found in 121 of those studied (31.91%), 59 in homozygosis and 62 in heterozygosis. The allele frequency found among the positive cases was 0.743. <br />Conclusion: the pathogenic variant c.35delG in individuals with nonsyndromic prelingual deafness of possible autosomal recessive inheritance is found in a high proportion.</p> Estela Morales Peralta, Mercedes Arceo Alvarez, Yuledmi Perdomo Chacón, Manuel Gómez Martínez, Teresa Collazo Mesa Copyright (c) 2024 Estela Morales Peralta, Mercedes Arceo Alvarez, Yuledmi Perdomo Chacón, Manuel Gómez Martínez, Teresa Collazo Mesa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/766 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Educational intervention on oral cancer in high-risk patients between 35-59 years https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/816 <p>Introduction: mortality from oropharyngeal cancer ranked tenth among cancer types in Cuba in 2020 and 2021. <br />Objective: to implement an educational intervention on oral cancer in high-risk patients between 35-59 years old. <br />Method: an educational intervention with a quasi-experimental design, before-after type, was carried out in consulting room 19, La Demajagua, Isla de la Juventud between April-September 2023. The population was 126 patients, the sample being made up of 80 at high risk of oral cancer. Theoretical, empirical and mathematical-statistical methods were used and the variables were used: risk to predict oral cancer, risk factors, oral hygiene, teaching aids and level of knowledge about oral cancer, oral hygiene, risk factors and oral self-examination. <br />Results: the risk of suffering from oral cancer was high in 63 % of the patients between 35-59 years old in the study office. Before the intervention, bad knowledge predominated, representing 48,7 % of the sample, managing to raise it to good after the intervention by 96,3 % . The Wilcoxon test demonstrated highly significant differences. <br />Conclusions: the main risk factors were: poor oral hygiene, smoking, consumption of hot or spicy foods and stress. The use of the website contributed to raising knowledge about oral cancer, the main risk factors associated with its appearance and oral self-examination, allowing the transformation of modes of action and the evaluation of the educational intervention implemented in high-risk patients between 35 and 35 years old as satisfactory.</p> Yoneisy Abraham-Millán, Rosa María Montano-Silva, Yanelilian Padín-Gámez, Douglas Crispin-Rodríguez, Lauren Danitza Leyva-Manso, Ana Maura Ortiz-Figueroa Copyright (c) 2024 Yoneisy Abraham-Millán, Rosa María Montano-Silva, Yanelilian Padín-Gámez, Douglas Crispin-Rodríguez, Lauren Danitza Leyva-Manso, Ana Maura Ortiz-Figueroa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/816 Tue, 20 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Comparative analysis of speech assessment tools for individuals with dysarthria in Chile and worldwide https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/626 <p>Introduction: Dysarthria assessment tools should be tailored to the speech characteristics and impairments. Currently, there are many different tools in clinical practice, mainly perceptual and motor. However, this speech impairment is associated with loss of functionality, limitations in activities of daily living, and restriction in social and occupational participation. This research compares the assessment procedures of several speech assessment tools commonly used in clinical practice for individuals with dysarthria in Chile and worldwide. Methods: A cross-sectional documentary analysis was conducted on various speech assessment tools for individuals with dysarthria. A purposive sampling was used based on the research conducted by Altaher et al. Results: The content analysis shows that all tools have procedures for assessing speech subsystems and non-speech tasks. However, the assessment of the functional characteristics of speech, mainly considering intelligibility, is scarcely addressed. Some tools incorporate tasks that assess different aspects of speech, highlighting that this complementary information can be relevant to the diagnostic process. Conclusions: There is a lack of a standardized speech assessment and the need to incorporate tasks that allow for functional assessment to understand the performance of subsystems and the needs of individuals and their interlocutors to set baselines.</p> Marcela Sanhueza-Garrido, Virginia García-Flores, Carlos Rojas-Zepeda, Jaime Crisosto-Alarcón Copyright (c) 2024 Marcela Sanhueza-Garrido, Virginia García-Flores, Carlos Rojas-Zepeda, Jaime Crisosto-Alarcón https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/626 Mon, 26 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Implementation of an interdisciplinary hospital simulation center: launch of a simulated clinical service https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/743 <p>Introduction: clinical simulation as a teaching-learning tool has experienced a significant evolution in recent years in terms of the methodologies it has implemented to achieve learning results in different areas of health professions. Interdisciplinary clinical simulation is the recommendation of the experts.<br />Objectives: implement a simulated clinical service for the learning of intermediate cycle students of Health careers at the Faculty of Health and Social Sciences of a private university in Santiago de Chile in the year 2022.<br />Method: 408 students a private university in Santiago de Chile, a student satisfaction survey was applied regarding the learning experience in the interdisciplinary simulation center.<br />Conclusions: the students who participated in the activity valued the experience positively and considered it valuable for their professional training.</p> Julia Zuñiga Espinoza, Cristian Lermanda Peña, Ignacio Astudillo Ganora Copyright (c) 2024 Julia Zuñiga Espinoza, Cristian Lermanda Peña, Ignacio Astudillo Ganora https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/743 Tue, 27 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Resilience and the Intervention of Nursing in Adolescents of an Educational Institution in Vulnerable Area of Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/778 <p>Introduction: The relationship within the family is very important in adolescence, since it will allow them to develop skills and behaviors that improve their resilience, so the research objective is to determine resilience and nursing intervention in adolescents of an educational institution in a vulnerable area of Lima, Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study, with a population of 571 adolescents who answered a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects and the Conno-Davidson resilience scale, Results In their results, 157 (27.5%) of the adolescents have low resilience, 301 (52.7%) medium resilience and 113 (19.8%) high resilience, Conclusions: In conclusion, intervention in the family should be taken into account in order to identify factors that put the adolescent at risk in his early development.</p> Rosa Perez-Siguas, Hernan Matta-Solis, Victoria Tacas-Yarcuri, Hernan Matta-Perez, Alejandro Cruzata-Martinez, Eva Ventura-Hernandez, Olga Valderrama-Rios Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa Perez-Siguas, Hernan Matta-Solis, Victoria Tacas-Yarcuri, Hernan Matta-Perez, Alejandro Cruzata-Martinez, Eva Ventura-Hernandez, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Olga Valderrama-Rios https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/778 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Degree of agreement of percentage fat mass in young adults estimated with skinfolds versus bioelectrical impedance https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/715 <p>Introduction: there are different methods to estimate the percentage of fat mass, among them are anthropometry and bioimpedance. <br />Objective: this study seeks to demonstrate the degree of agreement of the percentage of fat mass estimated with bioelectrical impedance versus skin folds in a healthy adult population. <br />Methods: agreement study; made up of 44 students from the Adventist University of Chile. The percentage of fat mass obtained by anthropometry was estimated by the Siri formula (density estimated by the Durnin and Womersley equation) based on the bicipital, tricipital, subscapular and suprailiac folds, in triplicate; while for impedancemetry the Seca mBCA 525 equipment was used. The intraclass compensation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman graph were applied, with R-Studio.<br />Results: 65.91% had an age between 18-22 years, the 52.27% were women, 65.91% with normal nutritional status and with 26.63±10.97% fat mass. An ICC=0.84 (95% CI: 0.72-0.91) was found. Women and obese people had the lowest ICCs. The values are within the limits -11.39 - +9.68 of the Bland-Altman graph.<br />Conclusions: There is an acceptable level of agreement in the percentage of fat mass with the Siri formula versus bioimpedanciometry.</p> Felipe Manzo-Sepúlveda, Mildred Rodriguez-Sanhueza, Antonella Cares-Muñoz, Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza Copyright (c) 2023 Felipe Manzo-Sepúlveda, Mildred Rodriguez-Sanhueza, Antonella Cares-Muñoz, Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/715 Wed, 10 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Empathy in Professor of a Educational Institution in Metropolitan Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/776 <p>Introduction: Empathy is one of the qualities that health professionals must possess, which allows them to improve their relationship with the patient and in turn the care to be performed, so the objective of the study is to determine empathy in Professor of an Educational Institution in Metropolitan Lima, Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional study with a population of 102 Professor who developed a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects and the Jefferson Medical Empathy Scale., Results: In their results, we observed that 26.5% (n=27) have a low level of empathy, 25.5% (n=26) moderate low level, 24.5% (n=25) moderate high level and 23.5% (n=24) high level of empathy., Conclusions: In conclusion, training in nurses should be improved, since it will allow quality and humanized care in the patient.</p> Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Rosa Perez-Siguas Copyright (c) 2024 Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Rosa Perez-Siguas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/776 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly: A systematic review of the literature. https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/799 <p>This article focuses on the study of cognitive impairment in the elderly. The general objective focuses on the analysis of three variables present in the selected articles which are cognitive impairment and quality of life, which explores the perceptions associated with the well-being and satisfaction of older adults, understanding the dynamics of personal achievement, social relationships, autonomy, and quality of life that impact on the conditions of integral health within the context of integral well-being. A second variable of mood alterations and comorbid pathologies, where it was identified that depression and anxiety are pathologies that cause emotional alterations in older adults and interfere in the development of symptoms associated with pathological comorbidities, and the third variable is lifestyle and neurocognition includes protective elements associated with physical activity, nutrition and socialization processes that promote active and healthy aging. The methodology is of quantitative design with a bibliometric approach under the context of a systematic literature review. Taking into account, the prism methodology that responds to the approach of Boolean equations that were used to perform the analysis and categorization of the documents using variables. Finally, it is concluded the need to make cognitive and behavioral changes in the elderly through a differentiated evaluation for each patient, thus minimizing the effects in the social, family, economic, affective, and emotional spheres</p> Nubia Hernández-Flórez, Elisama Beltrán de la Rosa, Olena Klimenko, Maria José Orozco Santander, Francis Araque-Barboza, Johana Vásquez-Torres Copyright (c) 2024 Nubia Hernández-Flórez, Elisama Beltrán de la Rosa, Olena Klimenko, Maria José Orozco Santander, Francis Araque-Barboza, Johana Vásquez-Torres https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/799 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Health-related quality of life in hypertensive regular basic education teachers who attend a Cardiology Clinic in North Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/736 <p>Introduction: The Health-related quality of life considerably influences the well-being of the person, although when a disease occurs, this well-being tends to decrease and that this modifies the lifestyle of the person, therefore, the objective of the study is to determine the Health-related quality of life in relation to health in hypertensive regular basic education teachers who come to a cardiology clinic in North Lima, Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional study, with a total population of 124 hypertensive regular basic education teachers, Results: In their results, we can observe that 13.7% (n=17) have a very low Health-related quality of life in relation to their health, 26.6% (n=33) low Health-related quality of life, 9.7% (n=12) average Health-related quality of life, 43.5% (n=54) high Health-related quality of life and 6.5%(n=8) very high Health-related quality of life, Conclusions: In conclusion, evaluations should be carried out in the health of the population, for the detection of risk factors and hypertension in an early stage.</p> Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Hernan Matta- Solis Copyright (c) 2024 Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Hernan Matta- Solis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/736 Mon, 12 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Environmental factors associated with cleft lip and palate in children treated at the William Soler Hospital https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/772 <p>Introduction: Cleft lip and palate is the most prevalent craniofacial congenital defect worldwide. It consists of a labial or palatal cleft, even a combination of both. It is currently known that cleft lip and palate have multifactorial causes, which include both genetic and environmental factors, which influence the first trimester of pregnancy. Objective: To describe environmental factors in patients with cleft lip and palate treated at the William Soler Pediatric Hospital, in the period between 2021 and 2022. Methodological design: Descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study in patients with a diagnosis of cleft lip and palate. The sample was characterized taking into account sex, type of fissure, maternal toxic habits, exposure to radiation, mechanical injuries and environmental toxins, drug consumption, as well as acute and chronic maternal diseases. Data collected during interrogation and physical examination were used. Results: isolated palatal clefts represented 50.5%. 13.7% of mothers smoked during the first trimester of pregnancy, while 10.5% consumed alcohol. High blood pressure (25%) was the most common maternal chronic disease while 41% were diagnosed with vaginal moniliasis. Conclusions: Isolated cleft palate and considerable tobacco and alcohol consumption among pregnant women predominated. Among the chronic diseases, there was a predominance of high blood pressure, the most frequent infectious diseases were vaginal moniliasis and urinary tract infections, and there was a high frequency of the consumption of clotrimazole and oral contraceptives.</p> Julio Valcarcel Llerandi, Estela Morales Peralta, María del Carmen Fernández González, Amparo Pérez Borrego Copyright (c) 2024 Julio Valcarcel Llerandi, Estela Morales Peralta, María del Carmen Fernández González, Amparo Pérez Borrego https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/772 Fri, 09 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Hybrid Support Vector Machine for Predicting Accuracy of Conflict Flows in Software Defined Networks https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/797 <p>Software Defined Networking (SDN) is an infrastructure platform for delivering simplified and compliant services with flexible services. These are the means of centralized maintenance and adaptive functions. SDN is affected by various contention flows and causes network performance issues. In this case, we need to provide efficient solutions to handle conflicting flows with better priority and actions. In this paper, we propose a DeepQ Residue method for analyzing normal and conflicting flow scenarios in the load balancing phase. During simulation, an open SDN network is generated using TensorFlow. We use a Hybrid Support Vector machine with an improved decision tree method to predict accuracy and performance. In this case, we analyze threads from 1000 to 100000 in increments of 10000 threads in each iteration. Here, we train a deep belief network with a decision-free feature for environmental simulation. Based on the simulation results, the accuracy of our proposed method reaches 97%, and we compare the results with the results of various existing methods. Our proposed algorithm provides a high-performance SDN application with different conflicting load-balanced flows.</p> B. Ananth Copyright (c) 2024 B. Ananth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/797 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Challenges in the implementation of patient identification and the Gender Identity Law in healthcare institutions in Buenos Aires. https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/767 <p>Introduction: Patient identification is a key component of Patient Safety goals. In the context of gender identity (GI) regulations, the adaptation of identification protocols is required for compliant implementation. The objective was to identify challenges and tensions in patient identification as a safety goal and its intersection with the current gender identity legislation in Argentina.<br />Methods: A qualitative approach was used to collect data from seven healthcare institutions with patient admissions, selected based on their different profiles in terms of sector (public/private), patient safety accreditation process, and type of care (specialized/general). Grounded theory was employed to identify common institutional patterns.<br />Results: Three institutional situations were identified: 1. Contradiction: where compliance with GI regulations is perceived to undermine secure patient identification; 2. Potential convergence: although GI regulations are not fully implemented in patient identification, institutions deploy informal strategies to comply with them; 3. Convergence: institutions that have made changes to records and systems in line with GI. All institutions acknowledge the need for training in the care of transgender, transvestite, and non-binary patients.<br />Conclusions: Strengthening institutional policies based on safety goals and adherence to gender identity legislation is necessary. Organizational changes are essential, and training is needed to address the care of transgender, transvestite, and non-binary patients effectively.</p> Silvia Gabriela Pérez, Ermelinda Salinas, Silvio Saravia, Valeria Cros Báez, Viviana de los Ángeles Galarza, Victoria Sánchez Antelo Copyright (c) 2024 Silvia Gabriela Pérez, Ermelinda Salinas, Silvio Saravia, Valeria Cros Báez, Viviana de los Ángeles Galarza, Victoria Sánchez Antelo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/767 Wed, 07 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Relationship between sociodemographic factors and quality of life in hemodialysis patients https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/744 <p>Introduction: chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive alteration that can lead to renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis, HD). This situation has an impact on the quality of life and is affected by the patient's sociodemographic factors, Objective: determine the relationship between sociodemographic factors and quality of life in hemodialysis patients, Methods: cross-sectional analytical study in a population of 92 patients with a diagnosis of CKD in stage V, with HD treatment. Biomedical data were collected with a dialysis record. Quality of life was estimated with the KDQOL-36 scale. Their scores were compared according to two or more groups with Mann-Whitney U tests, or Kruskal-Wallis, respectively. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used for ordinal variables. R-Studio was applied, Results: education is statistically related to “symptoms/problems” (p=0.0176), “effects of kidney disease” (p=0.0054), and “burden of kidney disease” (p=0.0200), with a tendency to observe higher scores in university studies; while economic income was the same with these last two factors (rho=0.24 and rho=0.23, respectively). Furthermore, the “symptoms/problems” score was statistically higher in men than women (74.3 versus 64.1; p=0.00417) and in the case of the “physical component” summary, patients treated in a center public hospital presented statistically higher scores compared to patients treated in private centers (38.1 versus 32.0; p=0.00607), Conclusions: there are aspects of quality of life that are linked to sociodemographic factors that health professionals can consider to focus efforts of the health team and improve this important variable.</p> Edith Rivas Riveros, Miguel Ángel López Espinoza Copyright (c) 2024 Edith Rivas Riveros, Miguel Ángel López Espinoza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/744 Thu, 15 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Intervention of Nursing in the Family Functionality of Women Victims of Family Violence in an Area of Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/784 <p>Violence against women is any public health problem since it takes many forms in which the couple exercises power and control over it in a violent way, so the research objective is to determine the intervention of nursing in the family functionality of women victims of family violence in an area of Lima. It is a quantitative-descriptive, cross-sectional study, with a total population of 794 women, who answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic aspects and the Faces IV instrument. In the results, 729 (82%) women have somewhat connected family functionality and 65(8%) a connected family functionality. In conclusion, home visits by health professionals should be taken into account for the early detection of risk factors that resemble violence against women in the home.</p> Rosa Perez-Siguas, Hernan Matta-Solis, Eduardo Matta-Solis, Luis Perez-Siguas, Victoria Tacas-Yarcuri, Hernan Matta-Perez, Alejandro Cruzata-Martinez, Brian Meneses-Claudio Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa Perez-Siguas, Hernan Matta-Solis, Eduardo Matta-Solis, Luis Perez-Siguas, Victoria Tacas-Yarcuri, Hernan Matta-Perez, Alejandro Cruzata-Martinez, Brian Meneses-Claudio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/784 Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Lifestyle during the COVID-19 pandemic in older adults’ regular basic education teachers in a district of North Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/644 <p>Introduction: In older adults, lifestyle plays a key role in adaptation to cope with the coronavirus pandemic during isolation and quarantine at home, so its research objective is to determine the lifestyle during the pandemic of COVID - 19 in older adults’ regular basic education teachers in a district of North Lima.<br />Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental cross-sectional study, with a total population of 176 adults over 60 years of age, who answered a questionnaire of sociodemographic data and the lifestyle instrument.<br />Results: The results show the lifestyle of older adults, where 38 (21.6%) have a lifestyle in a danger zone, 21 (11.9%) have a low lifestyle, 89 (50.6%) have an adequate lifestyle and 28 (15.9%) have a fantastic lifestyle.<br />Conclusions: In conclusion, strategies should be sought or developed to improve both physical and eating activities in older adults regular basic education teachers at home.</p> Livia Piñas-Rivera, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Rosa Perez-Siguas, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza Copyright (c) 2023 Livia Piñas-Rivera, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Rosa Perez-Siguas, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/644 Fri, 05 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Quality of Life in relation to Health in Teachers with Chronic Diseases who reside in a Vulnerable Area of North Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/730 <p>Introduction: Quality of life is very important in relation to health, since it addresses functions that allow Teachers to maintain a healthy life, so the research objective is to determine the quality of life in relation to health in Teachers with chronic diseases residing in a vulnerable area of North Lima.<br />Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional and non-experimental study. With a total population of 152 Teachers with chronic diseases, who answered a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects and the questionnaire of quality of life in relation to health.<br />Results: In the results it can be observed that 18 (n = 11.8%) have a low quality of life, 26 (n = 17.1%) average quality of life, 58 (n = 38.2%) high quality of life and 50 (n = 32.9%) a very high quality of life.<br />Conclusions: It is concluded that strategies that increase the promotion and prevention of noncommunicable diseases should be taken into account.</p> Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Hernan Matta-Solis, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Copyright (c) 2023 Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Hernan Matta-Solis, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/730 Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 University Social Responsibility in Latin America: a systematic review https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/765 <p>University Social Responsibility (USR) is a new university management policy that redesigns the way in which extension and social projection are being carried out to face the academic and administrative impacts of all university processes. The purpose of the article was to analyze the process of management and implementation of RSU in Latin America, through a systematic review, using the PRISMA methodology. The reviewed databases were: Scopus, Scielo, EBSCO, Web of Science. Twenty articles were selected, of which 70% are related to RSU management and 30% to implementation. It is concluded that in Latin America the management and implementation of the RSU is in an initial process because it has not yet been consolidated as a university management system. Likewise, there are no public policies that promote RS in higher education, the same ones that have a welfare, reductionist approach, with little support and little socialization.</p> Denisse Vanessa García Chacchi, Marysela Ladera-Castañeda, Miguel Ángel Atoche Pacherres, Cristian Gumercindo Medina Sotelo, Yhedina Dunia Sánchez-Huamán, César Augusto Atoche Pacherres Copyright (c) 2024 Denisse Vanessa García Chacchi, Marysela Ladera-Castañeda, Miguel Ángel Atoche Pacherres, Cristian Gumercindo Medina Sotelo, Yhedina Dunia Sánchez-Huamán, César Augusto Atoche Pacherres https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/765 Mon, 26 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Educational program on oral health “Healthy smile”: knowledge and role of legal responsibilities and educators https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/815 <p>Introduction: to achieve the health of infants and increase their quality of life, the health of legal guardians and educators is of particular importance; their beliefs and behaviors; and the ability, knowledge and will to acquire and provide the infant with healthy ways and styles of life. <br />Objective: determine the effectiveness of the “Healthy Smile” Program in terms of knowledge about oral health of legal representatives and educators, as well as the role of educators of preschool infants. <br />Methods: a quasi-experimental before-after research was carried out where the sample was 86 legal guardians and 9 preschool educators from the “La Demajagua-Atanagildo Cajigal” towns in the period 2021-2023. <br />Results: the pre-university level of instruction predominated (68; 71,579 %) and a regular level of knowledge (73; 76,842 %) before the implementation of the program; the same being modified to good (77; 81,053 %) with a tendency to fair (18; 18,947 %). The educators significantly increased (8; 88,88 %) the reasons for preventing diseases related to the stomatognathic apparatus to maintain good oral hygiene; the results of the student T test showed statistically significant differences in knowledge of caries (X1=3,22; X2=3,80) and about children’s oral health (X1=1,55; X2=3,44). <br />Conclusions: the “Healthy Smile” program was effective in positively modifying the level of knowledge about oral health of legal representatives and educators, as well as in the role assumed by them with respect to the health of the infants in their care.</p> Rosa María Montano-Silva, Yoneisy Abraham-Millán, Aliana Peña-Méndez, Yuliet Pérez-Cruz, Ernestina Navarro-González, Luis Enrique Ricardo-Díaz Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa María Montano-Silva, Yoneisy Abraham-Millán, Aliana Peña-Méndez, Yuliet Pérez-Cruz, Ernestina Navarro-González, Luis Enrique Ricardo-Díaz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/815 Tue, 20 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Resilience and its Relationship with Nursing Care in a Vulnerable Population during the COVID-19 Pandemic https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/777 <p>Introduction: Resilience in the population allows to develop coping skills in situations that put their health well-being at risk, and during the pandemic it has been shown that the population can adapt and face this situation without altering their health well-being, therefore, their research objective is to determine resilience and its relationship with nursing care in a vulnerable population during the COVID-19 pandemic, Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study, with a population of 1343 participants who developed a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Connor-Davidson resilience scale, Results In their results, 13(1%) of the inhabitants have a low resilience, 413 (30.8%) a medium resilience and 917 (68.2%) a high resilience, Conclusions: In conclusion, strategies regarding the mental health of the inhabitants have been promoted to improve their coping skills.</p> Rosa Perez-Siguas, Hernan Matta- Solis, Eduardo Matta-Solis, Victoria Tacas-Yarcuri, Hernan Matta-Perez, Alejandro Cruzata-Martinez, Eva Ventura-Hernandez Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa Perez-Siguas, Hernan Matta- Solis, Eduardo Matta-Solis, Victoria Tacas-Yarcuri, Hernan Matta-Perez, Alejandro Cruzata-Martinez, Eva Ventura-Hernandez, Brian Meneses-Claudio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/777 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Temporal inequality of RR intervals like a new psychophysiological indicator of mental stress https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/654 <p>Introduction: Gini coefficient (Gini index or Gini ratio) is a parameter that is normally used in economy to measure the income distribution in a country or in the whole wide world, but it can be used to measure any kind of distribution. In the present study it is exposed an innovative proposal of application of the Gini coefficient to Heart Rate Variability (HRV) like a psychophysiological indicator of mental stress.<br />Objective: To assess the application of the Gini coefficient as a psychophysiological indicator of mental stress.<br />Methods: A non-observational crossover study, carried out in the biomedical laboratory of the Medical University of Santiago de Cuba. The involved participants are 13 healthy individuals (age 19 ± 1.5 years). Heart rate was continuously recorded at rest (5 minutes) and during a mental stress (5 minutes). Linear and nonlinear methods of heart rate variability were assessed, and 2 new indicators (Sequential and Non-Sequential Gini) were calculated and proposed to measure HRV differences between states.<br />Results: When comparing rest and mental stress conditions, a sensible decrease of the traditional indicators of the HRV was founded (p&lt;0,05), an increase of the heart rate (p=0,004) and of the Sequential Gini (p=0,004) and Non-Sequential Gini (p=0,04).<br />Conclusions: The results suggest that temporary inequality of the RR intervals analyzed from the Gini coefficient could be an adequate indicator of sympathetic activity present during the mental stress.</p> Miguel Enrique Sanchez-Hechavarria, Ramon Carrazana-Escalona, Sergio Cortina-Reyna, Victor Ernesto González-Velázquez, Elys María Pedraza-Rodríguez, Adán Andreu-Heredia, Erislandis López-Galán Copyright (c) 2024 Miguel Enrique Sanchez-Hechavarria, Ramon Carrazana-Escalona, Sergio Cortina-Reyna, Victor Ernesto González-Velázquez, Elys María Pedraza-Rodríguez, Adán Andreu-Heredia, Erislandis López-Galán https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/654 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Falls, perceived social support and fear of falls in older adults https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/713 <p>Introduction: Falls affect the functionality, quality of life and socio-familial relationships of older adults. Perceived social support and fear of falling because of a fall are important factors for falls syndrome and its prevention. Objective: To determine the association between previous falls and perceived social support with fear of falling in older adults. Methods: Analytic, cross-sectional and correlational study. The sample consisted of 250 participants. The instruments used were a Sociodemographic Data Form, the International Falls Efficacy Scale and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. A univariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between fear of falling and Perceived Social Support in participants with a history of falls. Results: A significant association was found between fear of falling and ASP (p = 0.006), the dimension of perceived family support (p = 0.003) and the dimension of perceived social support from friends (p = 0.031). In the predictive analysis, previous falls and perceived support from friends were found to predict fear of falling (F [2, 248] = 17.22; p&lt;.001; R2=.122). Conclusion: Fear of falling was found to be dependent on previous falls and perception of support by friends, so nursing interventions to reduce fear of falling in MAPs should focus on these variables.<br />Keywords: Fall Accidents; Social support; Elderly; Fear.</p> Luís Carlos Cortez González, Josué Francisco Vázquez López, Alejandro Morales Jinez, Diana Berenice Cortes Montelongo, Tirso Duran Badillo Copyright (c) 2024 Luís Carlos Cortez González, Josué Francisco Vázquez López, Alejandro Morales Jinez, Diana Berenice Cortes Montelongo, Tirso Duran Badillo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/713 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Family Funcionality in Women Victims of Family Violence in time of COVID-19 in Areas of Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/775 <p>Introduction: During confinement many of the families have foreseen a situation that compromises the relationship of their members, where communication within the home will play an important role in the emotional balance in the family, to the objective of the study is to determine the family functionality in women victims of family violence in times of COVID-19 in areas of Lima, Methods: It is a is quantitative, its methodology is descriptive, not experimental, cross-sectional, with a total population is made up of 794 women participants from areas of Lima, who answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic aspects and the scale FACES IV., Results: In the results we can observe in the dimension family communication that, 737 (87%) of the women victims of family violence have very low communication with the other family members, 31 (6%) have a low family communication, 9 (2.9%) have a moderate family communication, 13 (3.9%) have a high family communication and 4 (0.2%) have very high family communication., Conclusions: It is concluded that health services should be taken into account, where health professionals can identify situations of risk of violence within the home and that can prevent it.</p> Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Rosa Perez-Siguas Copyright (c) 2024 Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Rosa Perez-Siguas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/775 Sat, 13 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Risk assessment for the liquefied petroleum gas filling industry using fuzzy logic and hazard and operability https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/749 <p>The object of this study is to integrate Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) analysis and Fuzzy Logic to improve risk assessment in the Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) filling industry. the research introduces a new approach to resolve the uncertainties and imprecise information inherent in traditional risk evaluation methods. Using HAZOP, a qualitative analysis conducted by the experts of industry identifies potential process deviations and hazards, categorized by impact type such as fire, explosion, and environmental damage. Fuzzy Logic, quantifies these risks by evaluating the likelihood and consequences of accidents using linguistic variables like "high," "medium," and "low." The simulation of different parameters considers various scenarios, including the interplay of consequence severity, event frequency, and detection capability on overall risk using model fuzzy-Hazop. The results provide more precision and actionable risk assessments, showing the potential of the combination of Hazop and fuzzy logic for safety measurement in the LPG filling process. The study concludes HAZOP with fuzzy logic evaluates risks in uncertain conditions, offering an alternative for clearer, decision-making in risk-based design processes.</p> Oubellouch Hicham, Soulhi Aziz Copyright (c) 2024 Oubellouch Hicham, Soulhi Aziz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/749 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of the implementation of unconventional digital graphic organizers on the generation of meaningful learning https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/798 <p>Introduction: In higher education, the integration of graphic organizers in teaching can enhance the understanding and retention of content, thereby contributing to the academic development of students. Objective: Analyze the impact of the implementation of unconventional digital graphic organizers on the generation of meaningful learning in first-semester students at the Central University of Ecuador. Methods: 156 first-semester students participated in the "Leadership" course in the Civil Engineering program at Central University of Ecuador. The research was longitudinal and observational with a pre-experimental design. Pre and post-tests were conducted addressing the impact of digital graphic organizers on meaningful learning. Results: An increase in the usage of less common digital graphic organizers is revealed, showing a strong correlation with meaningful learning analyzed through the correlation coefficient. The Chi-square test supports that graphic organizers positively influence meaningful learning. Conclusions: The importance of adapting methodological strategies to university students is emphasized, acknowledging that success depends not only on these strategies but also on the creativity and flexibility of teaching. The inclusion of unconventional digital graphic organizers in teaching significantly benefits the generation of meaningful learning, suggesting that these structured visual tools are valuable for enhancing understanding. This knowledge will drive educators to design interventions that maximize learning.</p> Guerrero-Gallardo, Héctor Iván, Ximena Patricia León Quinapallo Copyright (c) 2024 Guerrero-Gallardo, Héctor Iván, Ximena Patricia León Quinapallo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/798 Sun, 03 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Nursing intervention for physical mobility in older adults https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/586 <p>Introduction: Older adults go through a series of physiological changes, making the loss of physical, psychological and cognitive functions common in this population, mostly causing dependence to perform activities in basic daily life. This condition makes older adults fragile and prone to have any type of fall leading to disability, increase the number of hospitalizations and even death, therefore, the execution of exercises is the best prevention tool. <br />Objective: To determine the effect of nursing intervention on the deterioration of physical mobility in older adults.<br />Methods: Quantitative approach, quasi-experimental design with correlational scope. The population consisted of 70 older adults, the sample was chosen by inclusion and exclusion criteria, data collection was by the Barthel index and the battery (SPPB); subsequently, data tabulation was performed using the SPSS statistical program. The research was framed within the bioethical aspects established in the Helsinki declaration. <br />Results: Older adults prone to frailty are women, who improved their condition from frail to pre-frail, by means of the Otago exercise program. <br />Conclusions: Nursing interventions is of utmost importance as care plans can be designed, ensuring a better quality of life.</p> Daniela Alejandra Romero Mejía, Valeria Isabel Espín López Copyright (c) 2023 Daniela Alejandra Romero Mejía, Valeria Isabel Espín López https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/586 Fri, 03 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Stereotypes in young adults of a community towards old age https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/590 <p>Introduction: Old age is a stage of life that begins at the age of 65, a natural physiological process that all human beings go through. Negative stereotypes affect older adults, impacting their physical and emotional well-being and influencing the attitudes of younger generations.<br />Objective: to evaluate the perception that young adults in a community have towards old age.<br />Methods: research with a quantitative approach, non-experimental transversal design of descriptive scope, the sample was of 133 people between 20 and 39 years old, residents of the Ambatillo parish, La Esperanza neighborhood, the negative stereotypes towards old age questionnaire (CENVE) was applied, the results were tabulated in the SPSS statistical program and the bioethical aspects indicated in the Helsinki declaration were respected.<br />Results: Young adults showed positive stereotypes 57.1% and negative stereotypes 42.9%. The health, personal character and social motivation dimensions of the questionnaire emphasized a positive perception in the respondents. A 76.7% of the sample mentioned that they had not heard of stereotypes towards old age. <br />Conclusion: Women showed a more positive inclination than men, age, marital status and level of education also influenced the perception of old age. Finally, we could assert that people with negative stereotypes have limited information since a significant percentage mentioned that they had not heard about stereotypes towards old age.</p> Katherine Alexandra Brito Torres, Valeria Isabel Espín López Copyright (c) 2023 Katherine Alexandra Brito Torres, Valeria Isabel Espín López https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/590 Fri, 03 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Hospital-acquired pressure injuries and factors affecting their development: multicentre study https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/604 <p>Introduction: Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPU) represent a significant public health challenge. Understanding their main characteristics and related factors is essential for effective prevention. This article aims to analyse the main characteristics of HAPUs in four high-complexity hospital centres in Chile.<br />Methods: Secondary, analytical observational study. The sample (n=1000) included paediatric and adult patients. The study variables were the presence of HAPU, age, sex, dermatitis, risk of HAPU, change of position, pressure relief surface, immobilisation and speed of onset. Measurement of variables included physical examination and chart review. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression models were performed, accepting 95%CI, p&lt;0.05.<br />Results: A crude prevalence of 18.7% was estimated. Most patients with HAPU were male (56.1%), aged 18-59 years (39.6%) and 60-80 years (39.0%). On average, ten days elapsed from patient admission to the development of HAPU The most common stage was stage I (50%), and the sacral region was the most frequent site of occurrence (30.1%). The factor with the strongest association with having HAPU was having a high ulceration risk classification (OR 2.6, 95%CI1.5-4.4).<br />Conclusions: This is the first study in Chile that showed the characterization of HAPU in a relevant sample of hospitalized patients. The relevant representative aspects for monitoring and preventing HAPU as its prevalence, location and factors associated with its appearance.</p> Naldy Febré-Vergara, Katherine Mondaca-Gómez, Denisse Cartagena-Ramos, Paula Méndez-Celis, Viviana Muñoz-Cáceres, Macarena Chepo-Chepo Copyright (c) 2023 Naldy Febré-Vergara, Katherine Mondaca-Gómez, Denisse Cartagena-Ramos, Paula Méndez-Celis, Viviana Muñoz-Cáceres, Macarena Chepo-Chepo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/604 Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Perceptions and behavioral traits of mask usage during covid-19 pandemic–a cross sectional study from Kerala https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/608 <p>Background: The first reported case of COVID in all of India was in Thrissur, Kerala. Kerala was one among the states which had high recovery rate, low death rate and slow progression which was recognized internationally in managing and controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. For efficient control of transmission of COVID 19, mask wearing was considered as primary and popular measure. Wearing mask everytime can cause discomfort and prolonged mask usage can lead to many health impacts. Mask wearing can be made comfortable and convenient, if the discomforts and health impacts of wearing mask are worked on in future. <br />Objective: To study perceptions and behavioural traits related to mask usage in general population of Kerala, India. <br />Methods: An online cross sectional study was conducted in Kerala among 291 adults aged 20 to 60 years with a validated questionnaire. Data was analysed with Pearson’s Chi square and Odds ratio. <br />Results: Majority of the participants were self-motivated, though 90% of participants reported mild discomforts, yet more than 80% were inclined to proper mask wearing practice. Among the participants, 77% washed and reused masks, more than 49% changed their face touching behavior, 67 % were inspired by family and friends in wearing mask. Older participants (greater than 40 years) had higher knowledge level of mask use (98%) and wearing masks outdoors (92.8%), lesser preference for N95 mask and double mask compared to younger participants. <br />Conclusion: Study reinforces hypothesis of mask use efficacy in controlling and reducing pandemic spread. Community perceptions and behavioural traits study can enhance planning and implementation of public health programs.</p> Anupama Krishnan, Shahnaz Fathima A, Praveen V, Bargale Sushant Sukumar, Shashirekha H K, Harshal Tare, Neha Gadgil, Akshar Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2024 Anupama Krishnan, Shahnaz Fathima A, Praveen V, Bargale Sushant Sukumar, Shashirekha H K, Harshal Tare, Neha Gadgil, Akshar Kulkarni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/608 Sat, 23 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Stress, overload and spiritual related to the quality of life of caregivers of older adults https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/646 <p>Introduction: the identification of risk and protective factors for quality of life allows the development of interventions to improve the quality of life of caregivers of older adults. <br />Objective: determine the relationship between stress, overload and spirituality with the quality of life of caregivers of older adults. <br />Methods: cross-sectional and analytical study in 97 caregivers of older adults. The Perceived Stress Scale, Zarit test, Spirituality Questionnaire and Whoqol Breff questionnaire were applied. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests were applied. <br />Results: no statistical significance was observed of overload, stress and spirituality on global quality of life (F [3, 93] = 2.19, p = 0.094). Overload is a risk factor for physical quality of life (p=0.002), stress is a risk factor (p&lt;0.001) and spirituality is a protective factor (p&lt;0.001) for psychological quality of life, stress is a risk factor for social quality of life (p=0.023) and spirituality is a risk factor for environmental quality of life (p=0.002). <br />Conclusions: the design of interventions to improve the quality of life of caregivers must consider addressing stress and overload since they are factors that affect the dimensions of quality of life. Spirituality is a protective factor for psychological and environmental quality of life, so it is important to encourage its practice in caregivers.</p> Berenice Elizabeth Donjuan Díaz, Tirso Duran-Badillo, Jesús Alejandro Guerra Ordoñez, Juana María Ruiz Cerino Copyright (c) 2023 Berenice Elizabeth Donjuan Díaz, Tirso Duran-Badillo, Jesús Alejandro Guerra Ordoñez, Juana María Ruiz Cerino https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/646 Sun, 24 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Lifestyle in students from a private university: A descriptive study https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/630 <p>Introduction: The lifestyles of university students are essential, as they impact their physical and mental well-being, as well as academic success.<br />Objective: To analyze the lifestyles of students majoring in Administration, Accounting, and Law at a private university in the Peruvian Amazon.<br />Methods: A quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. A total of 285 students participated and were administered the Lifestyle Profile (PEPS-I), an instrument with adequate metric properties. Descriptive statistical methods were applied to categorize the variable and dimensions according to cut-off points. Similarly, the non-parametric Chi-Square test was used to determine whether lifestyles were significantly associated with the proposed sociodemographic and employment-related variables.<br />Results: It was found that 40.7% of the students had a less healthy lifestyle, 32.3% had a healthy lifestyle, and 27% had an unhealthy lifestyle. Likewise, the dimensions of nutrition, exercise, and health responsibility were also rated as unhealthy, while the dimensions of stress management, interpersonal support, and self-actualization were rated as healthy. Furthermore, it was found that lifestyles were associated with some sociodemographic variables, such as gender and socioeconomic level.<br />Conclusions: The students were characterized by having a less healthy lifestyle. Based on the results found, it is imperative that universities implement health education programs focused on promoting healthy lifestyle habits.</p> Sara Agripina Ttito-Vilca, Edwin Gustavo Estrada-Araoz, Maribel Mamani-Roque Copyright (c) 2023 Sara Agripina Ttito-Vilca, Edwin Gustavo Estrada-Araoz, Maribel Mamani-Roque https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/630 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Knowledge about arterial hypertension in students of the nursing professional career at a public university: A cross-sectional study https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/633 <p>Introduction: Knowledge about arterial hypertension in future nursing professionals is essential since these future healthcare professionals will play a crucial role in promoting health and caring for hypertensive patients in the future.<br />Objective: To assess the level of knowledge about arterial hypertension in students of the nursing program at a public university.<br />Method: The research was quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive, and cross-sectional. A total of 188 students participated, to whom the Hypertension Knowledge Questionnaire was administered, an instrument with adequate metric properties.<br />Results: 38.8% of students had a moderate level of knowledge about hypertension, 31.4% had a high level, and 29.8% had a low level. Similarly, knowledge about general aspects and risk factors was at a moderate level, but knowledge about preventive measures was low. Additionally, the year of study was significantly associated with the level of knowledge about hypertension (p &lt;0.05).<br />Conclusions: The overall level of knowledge among students about hypertension is moderate. These findings emphasize the importance of strengthening education and awareness about hypertension prevention among nursing students.</p> Edwin Gustavo Estrada-Araoz, Maribel Mamani-Roque Copyright (c) 2023 Edwin Gustavo Estrada-Araoz, Maribel Mamani-Roque https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/633 Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of the Complementary Therapies Use on Parameters of Social Communication In Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/636 <p>Introducción: El trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) es caracterizado principalmente por déficit en la comunicación e interacción social, siendo una barrera para estas personas relacionarse con su medio social y/o familiar. Entre las terapias más conocidas se destacan la terapia farmacológica, - que consistente en medicamentos antipsicóticos-, y la terapia conductiva conductual (TCC), ambas utilizadas para disminuir las conductas desadaptativas. <br />Objetivo: Analizar la efectividad de las terapias complementarias en la comunicación de niños con (TEA). <br />Metodología: Estudio de revisión narrativa, se realizó una búsqueda de literatura en base a las terapias complementarias más utilizados para el TEA: “terapia asistida con animales” (TAA) y “musicoterapia”. La búsqueda se realizó en SCOPUS, EBSCO y PUBMED. Se encontraron un total de 228 artículos, de los cuales 8 estudios (n de los 8 estudios = 569) cumplieron con los criterios de búsqueda.<br />Resultados: se encontraron cinco estudios de musicoterapia (n de los 5 estudios = 481) y tres estudios de TAA (n de los 3 estudios = 88). La musicoterapia y la TAA son las terapias más frecuentemente mencionadas en la literatura, siendo la TAA la que ha reportado mayores resultados en el aumento de habilidades sociales y comunicación no verbal en niños con TEA bajo una perspectiva cualitativa por parte del clínico y de los cuidadores de niños con TEA. <br />Conclusión: De los ocho estudios que se analizaron, cinco de ellos reportaron beneficios significativos bajo un criterio cualitativo clínico y por parte de las familias del usuario que estaba participando de estas terapias. Tres de los estudios de musicoterapia no evidenciaron cambios en la comunicación de los usuarios, mientras que uno destaca la relación usuario-terapeuta como factor determinante en el éxito o fracaso de la terapia. </p> Javiera Etchegaray-Montecinos, Scarlet Moreno-Sanhueza, Catalina Cea-Salgado, Karen Navarrete-Araneda, Cristian Álvarez, Arturo Flores Copyright (c) 2023 Javiera Etchegaray-Montecinos, Scarlet Moreno-Sanhueza, Catalina Cea-Salgado, Karen Navarrete-Araneda, Cristian Álvarez, Arturo Flores https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/636 Wed, 13 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Perception of the level of adherence to hypertensive treatment in adults https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/641 <p>Introduction: The perception of the level of adherence to hypertensive treatment in adults refers to the extent to which patients follow medical indications and take their medications as prescribed by health professionals. <br />Objective: To analyze adherence to antihypertensive treatment in adults by means of a quali-quantitative study during the months of May and June in order to create strategies aimed at preventing short-term complications in primary health care. <br />Methods: The study carried out adopted a mixed quali-quantitative, phenomenological, cross-sectional, cross-sectional approach during the months of May and June of the present year, with a population of 26 people with census sampling using semi-structured interviews, informed consent and the Morisky-Green questionnaire. <br />Results: According to the study carried out, most of the people suffering from arterial hypertension are female, married, between 30 and 60 years of age, and most of them are engaged in domestic chores. Both men and women with this pathology, according to the surveys, do not adapt to follow the pharmacological treatment; however, they do not abandon it because they know the importance of having a better quality of life. <br />Conclusion: The analysis of the present study was based on adherence to antihypertensive treatment in adults at the Martínez Health Center in which the suggested strategy is to educate the population more about the importance of adherence to antihypertensive treatment.</p> Evelyn Cristina Chicaiza-Almachi, Ana Pamela Pachucho-Flores Copyright (c) 2023 Ana Pamela Pachucho-Flores, Evelyn Cristina Chicaiza-Almachi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/641 Fri, 27 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Application of mobile reality in the training of health sciences students https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/645 <p>Introduction: Education in the 21st century has undergone a profound transformation thanks to technological advances. In this context, augmented reality (AR) has emerged as an innovative pedagogical tool that promises to revolutionize the way students acquire knowledge and skills.<br />Objective: Establish the impact of augmented reality on the learning of health sciences students at a private university in Lima.<br />Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental, cross-sectional study, whose sample was 74 health sciences students from a private university in Lima. The survey technique was used and the instrument was the questionnaire.<br />Results: The use of AR was located at an intermediate level with 43.24% (32), in learning, a medium level was recorded in 40.54% (30) of the participants; The same trend occurred in the dimensions of both variables.<br />Conclusions: It was determined that AR has a significant impact on the learning process of health sciences students at a private university in Lima, demonstrated through the Chi-square analysis, p-value = 0.023 &lt; 0.05.</p> Elvira García-Huamantumba, Camilo Fermín García-Huamantumba, Leonardo Velarde Dávila, Jhonny Henry Piñán García, Pedro Getulio Villavicencio Guardia, Nérida del Carmen Pastrana Díaz, Guadalupe Ramírez Reyes, Gelacio Pozo Pino, David Julio Martel Zevallos, Lida Days Beraun Quiñones Copyright (c) 2023 Elvira García-Huamantumba, Camilo Fermín García-Huamantumba, Leonardo Velarde Dávila, Jhonny Henry Piñán García, Nérida del Carmen Pastrana Díaz, Guadalupe Ramírez Reyes, Gelacio Pozo Pino, David Julio Martel Zevallos, Lida Days Beraun Quiñones https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/645 Thu, 02 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cardiovascular risk in older adults at the Policlínico "5 de Septiembre" https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/685 <p>Introduction: cardiovascular health in the elderly constitutes a line of research of great value for the improvement of health services in primary health care.<br />Objective: to identify cardiovascular risk in older adults at the Policlínico Universitario "5 de septiembre", Consolación del Sur, in the period 2019-2022.<br />Methods: observational, analytical, transversal study. A sample of 176 patients was selected by simple random sampling. One-factor analysis of variance, Student's t-test and Mann Whitney U test were used as inferential statistical tests, as well as the Kaplan-Meier curve to predict event-free evolution. <br />Results: 36,4 % of the adults were aged 80 to 89 years and 72,7 % had a moderate cardiovascular risk. A significant statistical association (p&lt;0,001) was identified between age, sex, blood pressure, weight, height, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio and cardiovascular risk. The presence of sedentary lifestyle, left ventricular hypertrophy, atrial fibrillation, family history of diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease, being a smoker and consuming alcohol were associated with increased cardiovascular risk (p&lt;0,001). Follow-up up to 18 months identified the presence of cardiovascular events in 27,3 %.<br />Conclusions: in older adults a moderate cardiovascular risk was identified, determined by the sum of clinical-humoral factors, habits and lifestyles, and genetic factors, with the presence of early cardiovascular events in those at higher cardiovascular risk.</p> Denis Ariel Pérez Álvarez; Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo, Iván Bustinzuriaga-Marto, Francisca Díaz-Pita, Aymeé María Díaz Esquivel Copyright (c) 2024 Denis Ariel Pérez Álvarez; Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo, Iván Bustinzuriaga-Marto, Francisca Díaz-Pita, Aymeé María Díaz Esquivel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/685 Tue, 21 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Association of sleep disorder with cardiovascular risk in the Chilean adult population https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/638 <p>Background: sleep disorder can be considered as a relevant factor in patients with cardiovascular risk.<br />Objective: the main objective of this study is to associate sleep disorder as a determining factor for the decrease or increase in cardiovascular risk in the adult population.<br />Methods: transversal analytical study based on secondary records obtained from the database of the third National Health Survey from 2016-2017, with a total of 6,233 respondents aged 15 years and over, through a random and complex selection (stratified and multistage by conglomerates). Data from the Epworth Scale and cardiovascular risk classification were used. Binary logistic regression was applied with the R 3.2.2 “svy” package.<br />Results: a statistically significant association was found between high cardiovascular risk and Epworth scores between 11-21 points (compared with 0-10 points) adjusted for sex and age (ß= 0.63; p=0.002).<br />Conclusion: there is observational evidence that allows associating the sleep disorder with a higher risk of developing and / or dying from cardiovascular disease in the Chilean adult population.</p> Karla Aravena-Baquedano, Marlene Garcés-Baeza, Leidy García-Sanabria, Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza Copyright (c) 2023 Karla Aravena-Baquedano, Marlene Garcés-Baeza, Leidy García-Sanabria, Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/638 Mon, 25 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Family Functioning and Depressive Symptoms in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/681 <p>Introduction: The family is deeply affected by the appearance of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and throughout the chronic process, the changes that this disease can trigger in the family nucleus make it prone to family dysfunction; Furthermore, depressive symptoms have a high incidence among people with T2D, so these variables could be correlated. <br />Methods: A quantitative, correlational, cross-sectional, and prospective study was carried out with a sample of 160 individuals with T2D. The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) was used to assess depressive symptoms, and the Family Functioning Assessment Instrument was used to assess family functioning. Inferential statistics such as C-Cramer and Rho-Spearman were applied. <br />Results: Significant relationships were identified between sex, socioeconomic level and prepandial glucose levels with family functionality. Likewise, a significant relationship was observed between socioeconomic level and depressive symptoms; A significant and negative relationship was also found between family functionality and depressive symptoms in individuals with T2D. <br />Conclusions: Nursing and health sciences must consider not only clinical aspects, but also social and family factors when addressing the mental health of people with T2D.</p> Kevin Julian Aya Roa, José Manuel Herrera-Paredes, Carlos Alberto Núñez-Colin, María Mercedes Moreno-González, Carlos Oscar Lepez, Adriana Hernández-Bustos Copyright (c) 2023 Kevin Julian Aya Roa, José Manuel Herrera-Paredes, Carlos Alberto Núñez-Colin, María Mercedes Moreno-González, Carlos Oscar Lepez, Adriana Hernández-Bustos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/681 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 HIV epidemiological surveillance in Ecuador, a review bibliography https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/707 <p>Introduction: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is characterized by attacking TCD4 cells and macrophages; with the progression of the pathology, secondary infections can develop. <br />Objetive: to describe the theoretical foundations of the HIV epidemiological surveillance system in Ecuador. <br />Methods: research based on bibliographic review in different databases, Epidemiological Gazettes, SIVE-ALERTA Manuals and websites of Scientific Knowledge Organizations, the PICOT question was also implemented and 25 articles based on the PRISMA method were used. <br />Results: The surveillance procedure is based on universal surveillance with different diagnostic methods, notified through EPI INFO-SIGEPI databases registered with the Ministry of Public Health. The total number of infections in Ecuador in 2022 is 48,924, with a higher incidence in the province of Napo with 0.67 and new cases in the province of Guayas with 32.5%. <br />Conclusion: Information from different databases on the incidence, prevalence, morbidity, mortality and opportunistic infections of the HIV virus was synthesized.</p> Jennyfer Paulina Tobar Andy, Francisco Xavier Poveda Paredes Copyright (c) 2023 Jennyfer Paulina Tobar Andy, Francisco Xavier Poveda Paredes https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/707 Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Relationship between Cystatin C levels and the severity of kidney damage in patients with kidney failure https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/734 <p>Introduction: Renal failure is a disease in which the kidneys present a decrease in glomerular filtration, so they are not able to eliminate water and wastes from the blood correctly. It is classified into two types; acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease in which the latter has generated a greater impact in terms of mortality. <br />Objective: To relate Cystatin C levels and the severity of renal damage in patients with renal failure. <br />Methods: A descriptive and observational research was carried out with a non-experimental design and a descriptive and exploratory level of research, to develop this research the PRISMA methodology was used, where the main sources used for its development are detailed. <br />Results: this research describes the generalities about cystatin C, analytical methods, interferences, stability, and the stages of analysis of this biomarker, the same that was classified into pre-analysis, analysis and post-analysis of the test exposing in each of them the most important points involved. <br />Conclusions: Cystatin C turns out to be a biomarker with a higher accuracy and sensitivity compared to other tests, in terms of clinical utility this test allows early detection of renal failure, and in patients suffering from this disease helps to determine the stage in which they are in this way allows to obtain a better diagnosis and prognosis regarding this condition. </p> Alexandra Estefania Chugcho Aguagallo, Álvaro Paul Moina Veloz Copyright (c) 2024 Alexandra Estefania Chugcho Aguagallo, Álvaro Paul Moina Veloz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/734 Tue, 09 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Avances en técnicas quirúrgicas mínimamente invasivas: una revisión integral https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/745 <p>Introducción: Las técnicas quirúrgicas mínimamente invasivas (TMI) han revolucionado el campo de la cirugía, ofreciendo importantes beneficios sobre la cirugía abierta tradicional. Esta revisión narrativa examina la evolución histórica, los avances actuales y las perspectivas de MIS, centrándose en su impacto en los resultados de los pacientes, la capacitación quirúrgica y los sistemas de atención médica.</p> <p>Objetivo: Proporcionar una descripción general completa de los avances en TMI, destacando las innovaciones tecnológicas, los cambios en la práctica clínica y la evolución de la educación quirúrgica. La revisión también tiene como objetivo discutir los desafíos y las direcciones futuras de TMI.</p> <p>Métodos: La revisión incluyó 24 artículos publicados entre 2004 y 2023. Los criterios de inclusión fueron la relevancia para el desarrollo y el impacto de TMI, con exclusión de artículos que no estuvieran en inglés y no relacionados. Los datos se sintetizaron para delinear la progresión, el estado actual y las tendencias futuras en TMI.</p> <p>Resultados: Los hallazgos clave incluyen avances significativos en tecnologías quirúrgicas como la robótica y las imágenes mejoradas, la expansión de MIS en varias especialidades y mejores resultados para los pacientes, como tiempos de recuperación reducidos y tasas de complicaciones más bajas. Los desafíos identificados incluyen la pronunciada curva de aprendizaje para los cirujanos y las disparidades en el acceso global a TMI. Las tendencias futuras indican un movimiento hacia la integración de la IA, enfoques quirúrgicos personalizados y un mayor refinamiento de los sistemas robóticos.</p> <p>Conclusiones: las TMI representan un cambio de paradigma en la práctica quirúrgica, caracterizado por la innovación tecnológica y la mejora de la atención al paciente. A pesar de los desafíos, su futuro es prometedor y se espera que los avances continuos remodelen aún más los procedimientos quirúrgicos.</p> Andrea Patricia Pérez Ayme, Josseline María Caiza Suárez , Martin Mateo Paredes Ortega , Daniel Samuel Gualoto Gualoto, Juan Carlos Santillán Lima, Adriana Elizabeth Rivera Campoverde, Alfredo Augusto Rivera Ticona, Jonathan Steven Coello Vergara, Gerzon David Martínez Serrano Copyright (c) 2023 Andrea Patricia Pérez Ayme, Josseline María Caiza Suárez , Martin Mateo Paredes Ortega , Daniel Samuel Gualoto Gualoto, Juan Carlos Santillán Lima, Adriana Elizabeth Rivera Campoverde, Alfredo Augusto Rivera Ticona, Jonathan Steven Coello Vergara, Gerzon David Martínez Serrano https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/745 Sun, 18 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Importance of sepsis diagnosis in the clinical laboratory https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/704 <p>Introduction: Septic disease is the immune imbalance in response to an infection capable of leading to multiorgan failure, worldwide there are an estimated 6 million deaths due to sepsis.<br />Objective: To propose a comprehensive approach for the timely and accurate diagnosis of sepsis, through the determination and correlation between blood culture and procalcitonin. <br />Methods: The present literature review considered a total of 35 articles selected through the PRISMA methodology. <br />Results: Blood culture continues to be the gold standard for septic disease in identifying the microorganism, but its low specificity has led to the implementation of automated methods such as the BioFire® Blood Culture Identification Panel 2 (BCID2). Biomarkers include procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), interleukin-6 (IL-6), ferritin and D-dimer (DD). <br />Conclusions: The new automated methods have a shorter response time and both high levels of sensitivity and specificity. Similarly, it is important to measure PCT, CRP, IL-6 to guide the diagnosis, and to complement it with LDH associated with hypoperfusion, ferritin, severe sepsis and D-dimer with a picture of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).</p> Ivonne Dayana Zamora Tapia, Francisco Xavier Poveda Paredes Copyright (c) 2024 Ivonne Dayana Zamora Tapia, Francisco Xavier Poveda Paredes https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/704 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Homologation of results of manual and automated urine microscopic analysis: a review of the bibliography https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/717 <p>Introduction: Urinalysis represents one of the most requested laboratory tests for the diagnosis and follow-up of urinary and renal system diseases. Although manual microscopy has been the traditional method, its process is characterized by being laborious and time-consuming. For this reason, automated systems have been introduced with the aim of improving the accuracy of the results. <br />Objective: To establish the relevance of the homologation of manual and automated urine microscopic analysis results through a literature review.<br />Methods: This study is based on descriptive research of bibliographic documents with a retrospective analysis. For the collection of information, various databases such as PudMED, Scielo, Google Scholar, Scopus, Elsevier were consulted. During the bibliographic search, 25 articles related to the subject of the study were found, for which the PRISMA methodology was used.<br />Results: by analyzing the different investigations, it was found that the automated analyzers showed an adequate concordance with manual microscopy for red blood cells, white blood cells and epithelial cells. However, in the case of bacteria and casts, a lower concordance was evidenced. <br />Conclusion: Urine microscopic analysis is crucial in medical diagnosis. The transition from manual methods to automated equipment has improved the efficiency and accuracy of the results. The comparison between both methods is fundamental to ensure the reliability of the results, which contributes to provide safe and appropriate treatments for patients.</p> Jennifer Dayana Rugel Moposita, Víctor Hernán Guangasig Toapanta Copyright (c) 2023 Jennifer Dayana Rugel Moposita, Víctor Hernán Guangasig Toapanta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/717 Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of the use of psychotropic drugs on the increase of Escherichia coli resistance https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/701 <p>Introduction: Escherichia coli is one of the most investigated bacteria due to the diversity of impacts on human health; it can sometimes form new resistant strains through conjugation processes, becoming a real public health problem. <br />Objective: To evaluate the relationship between prolonged use of psychotropic drugs and increased antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli strains. <br />Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using different databases of scientific importance; including 35 theses, research articles and reviews published in Spanish and English, from 2019 to 2023. <br />Results: Studies of patients under psychotropic treatment with tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for more than 3 months were analyzed; proving the appearance of dysbiosis in the intestinal microbiota. <br />Conclusion: The appearance of dysbiosis in the intestinal microbiota of patients under treatment with psychotropic drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, causes a reduction in beneficial bacteria and favors the necessary environment for an increase in pathogenic gram-negative bacteria with resistant mutated strains, specifically Escherichia coli.</p> Dayanara Tifane Zambrano Zambrano, Lourdes Gioconda Tabares Rosero Copyright (c) 2023 Dayanara Tifane Zambrano Zambrano, Lourdes Gioconda Tabares Rosero https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/701 Wed, 27 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of insulin resistance using the HOMA index: a comparative approach between premenopausal and postmenopausal women https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/729 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Menopause exerts a marked influence on Insulin Resistance. The homeostatic model for assessing insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) is a proven effective and useful clinical tool. The aim of this study was to seek scientific information to understand the differences, underlying factors and relevant implications in the detection of this condition in two stages of women's life. <strong>Methods: </strong>A systematic review was performed in Google Scholar, Scopus and PubMed using key terms such as Insulin Resistance Assessment, HOMA Index, HOMA-IR, Premenopausal women, Postmenopausal women, Menopause and Comparative Study. The search was limited to English language articles published in the last five years, which were analyzed according to PRISMA methodology. <strong>Results: </strong>Eight studies were evaluated, 50% focused on postmenopausal women, 25% on premenopausal women and another 25% both stages. The studies showed a higher body mass index in postmenopausal women, associated with 34.2% of insulin resistance in this population. In all studies, HOMA-IR and Body Mass Index (BMI) were evaluated, and 87.5% included lipid profile. In addition, 12.5% suggested innovative metrics such as Triglyceride to Glucose Index (TGI) and Galactin-3 Binding Protein (Gal-3BP) as new biomarkers. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Assessment of insulin resistance with HOMA-IR is common, but the results reveal remarkable variations among the stages analyzed. Recognizing hormonal and metabolic differences is essential to improve accuracy and guide preventive strategies in the management of IR.</p> Carlos Fernando Yauli Flores, Ericka Jazmín Tubón Luisa Copyright (c) 2024 Carlos Fernando Yauli Flores, Ericka Jazmín Tubón Luisa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/729 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Conventional methods used in the clinical laboratory for the identification of Ascaris lumbricoides. https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/803 <p>Soil transmitted helminths affect millions of people around the world, ascariasis can generate different symptoms in the patient, so clinical diagnosis requires an exhaustive study. To date, there is no gold technique for the identification of Ascaris lumbricoides. However, the standard detection method despite its low sensitivity is the thick Kato-Katz extension, which is often used for mapping national programs. This technique can be complemented with methods such as: formalin-ether concentration, Kato- Katz, McMaster, flotation techniques (such as FLOTAC and Mini-FLOTAC), aqueous biphasic system that may be complemented with indirect conventional techniques such as blood count and serological diagnosis (identification of antibodies), the usefulness of these methodologies is limited to evaluating the transmission of this helminth in endemic areas that point to possible elimination. Molecular diagnostics are a futuristic trend, sensitive and specific, but their high costs limit their use in these countries.</p> Elena Johanna Pérez Laborde, Christian Raúl Ibarra Brito, Esteban Sebastián Pérez Salazar Copyright (c) 2024 Elena Johanna Pérez Laborde, Christian Raúl Ibarra Brito, Esteban Sebastián Pérez Salazar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/803 Mon, 12 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Diagnostic Update and Treatment of Type 1 Muscle Atrophy https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/726 <p>Introduction: Spinal muscular atrophy type 1 is the most severe form of spinal muscular atrophy. It affects newborns and manifests within the first months of life. It is a progressive disease that significantly impacts the quality of life and has a high childhood mortality rate.<br />Objective: This article aims to provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of spinal muscular atrophy type 1.<br />Methods: A literature review was conducted on articles published in the last five years, utilizing databases such as PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. Clinical studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses related to the topic were selected.<br />Results: Recent advances in genetics have enabled a more precise diagnosis through the Survival Motor Neuron 1 genetic test, in addition to electrodiagnostic studies and, in some cases, muscle biopsy. These tests allow for accurate disease confirmation, which is essential for effective treatment. Regarding treatment, it includes the use of Nusinersen, Onasemnogene Abeparvovec, and Risdiplam. These medications have shown promising results in improving motor function and patient survival. Each of these treatments addresses the disease from different mechanisms, offering various options for managing spinal muscular atrophy type 1.<br />Conclusions: Although there is still no cure, advances in the diagnosis and treatment of spinal muscular atrophy type 1 provide hope. Early detection and emerging therapies are crucial in improving outcomes for patients.</p> Gabriela Alexandra Solano Peña, Richard Gabriel Armendáriz Molina, Gabriela Alejandra Díaz Teran, Gabriela Fernanda Acurio Armas, Rosa Ximena Valencia Bautista, Maria Caridad Rodas Rivera, Tatiana Alexandra Aldas Palacios Copyright (c) 2023 Gabriela Alexandra Solano Peña, Richard Gabriel Armendáriz Molina, Gabriela Alejandra Díaz Teran, Gabriela Fernanda Acurio Armas, Rosa Ximena Valencia Bautista, Maria Caridad Rodas Rivera, Tatiana Alexandra Aldas Palacios https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/726 Sun, 07 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Variation of hematological and biochemical profile in dialyzed patients before and after this treatment https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/762 <p>Introduction: Chronic kidney disease has developed in recent years and has become one of the top 10 leading causes of death worldwide. Patients undergoing dialysis require monitoring of hematological and biochemical parameters to detect the progression of the disease and assess the quality of treatment.</p> <p> </p> <p><br />Objective: To evaluate the variation in different parameters of the hematological and biochemical profile in patients before and after dialysis.</p> <p> </p> <p><br />Methods: a comprehensive literature review was conducted with 24 scientific articles obtained from digital databases such as Google Scholar, SciELO, PubMed, Elsevier, related to chronic kidney disease and the measurement of hematological and biochemical parameters in patients during pre and post-dialysis.</p> <p> </p> <p><br />Results: Most hematological parameters, such as red blood cells, hemoglobin, MCV, MCH, and platelets, significantly increase after treatment. On the other hand, both urea and creatinine decreased during post-dialysis measurements, although they did not decrease enough to reach normal values.</p> <p> </p> <p><br />Conclusions: Dialysis produces positive changes in hematological profile parameters, as levels increase after treatment. It also helps eliminate toxins from the blood by demonstrating a decrease in urea and creatinine.</p> Noelia Nataly Pérez Salazar, Lourdes Gioconda Tabares Rosero Copyright (c) 2024 Noelia Nataly Pérez Salazar, Lourdes Gioconda Tabares Rosero https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/762 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Use of the daily FAST HUG mnemonic technique in the care of patients in critical care units, a systematic review https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/708 <p>Introduction: care in intensive care units (ICU) is complex, requiring the collaboration of a multidisciplinary health team. Despite the existence of protocols, gaps in care persist. The FAST HUG mnemonic, a checklist to remember key aspects in the care of critically ill patients, has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing variability and improving compliance with care standards. Methods: a systematic review of the literature was carried out following the PRISMA guideline for answer the question about the benefits of the FAST HUG mnemonic in ICU patients. Databases such as PubMed were searched for articles in English, Spanish and Portuguese published between 2019-2023. The selection was made by reviewing titles, abstracts and complete reading applying the criteria. Results: a total of 16 articles were included in the review. It was found that the FAST HUG mnemonic has had various modifications such as FAST HUGS BID and FAST HUGS COVID to suit specific needs. Its implementation as a routine checklist in intensive care units improves the quality of care for critically ill patients, preventing possible complications. However, adequate training of health personnel is required, given that several studies revealed insufficient knowledge about its correct use in nursing personnel. Conclusions: there is growing support for the potential benefits of the FAST HUG mnemonic in care. of critically ill patients, but with significant variability in its application and knowledge among health professionals.</p> Karla Acosta, Evelin Velasco Copyright (c) 2024 Karla Acosta, Evelin Velasco https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/708 Thu, 08 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Importance of uric acid, cholesterol and triglyceride levels in pregnant women https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/747 <p>The fundamental importance of the analytes lies in their role as primary biomarkers to identify possible conditions that may arise during the gestation process. Objective: To analytes the importance of determining uric acid, cholesterol and triglycerides in pregnant women. Methodology: The article was a literature review that focused on the synthesis and analysis of scientific articles related to the topic in question. The PRISMA method was used to search for information, which consisted of an exhaustive and systematic search for relevant data using appropriate search terms and strategies. Results: Thirteen articles were screened and selected for analysis, of which six were excluded because they focused on pregnant women, but with different analytes. From the standards, 7 articles were identified that met the methodology and were included in the article development analysis. Conclusions: The research evidenced that the evaluation of uric acid, cholesterol and triglyceride levels are a first source in preclinical diagnosis, however, among the most common pathologies such as preeclampsia there are approximately 66 predictive parameters being this an important part of prenatal care to promote a healthy pregnancy.</p> Ana Lizbeth Guadalupe-Carrasco, Martha Cecilia Ramos-Ramírez Copyright (c) 2024 Ana Lizbeth Guadalupe-Carrasco, Martha Cecilia Ramos-Ramírez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/747 Tue, 09 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Emerging biomarkers in gestational diabetes: perspectives for improving diagnosis and prognoses https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/733 <p>Gestational diabetes mellitus is a pathology suffered by one in seven pregnant women worldwide, in which carbohydrate metabolism is altered, that is, glucose intolerance occurs. It is recognized for the first time in pregnancy since these adaptations occur with the objective of providing an adequate amount of glucose to the fetus for its development. They are related to risk factors such as age, diet, lack of physical activity, among others, and can cause fetal macrosomia, neonatal jaundice, and cardiorespiratory complications. In the mother, it is diagnosed through different blood glucose tests such as the oral glucose tolerance test, O'Sullivan test, however currently new biomarkers have been implemented for an early prognosis such as IL-27, a protein retinol transporter 4, maternal fetuin A, high sensitivity C-reactive protein and molecular biomarkers, but more studies are required so that these biochemical markers can be standardized by an organization.</p> Andrea Belén Miranda Sánchez, Álvaro Paul Moina Veloz Copyright (c) 2024 Andrea Belén Miranda Sánchez, Álvaro Paul Moina Veloz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/733 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio: the role of the laboratory as an indicator of insulin resistance https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/720 <p>Introduction: Insulin resistance or insulin resistance (IR) is defined by the reduction in the processes of insulin uptake, to stimulate the use of glucose in different tissues and to eliminate the production and output of hepatic glucose. On the other hand, currently there are different standard methods to evaluate IR, but these types of methods are highly expensive and their processing requires time. <br />Objective: The objective of the literature review was to analyze the triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio and the role of the laboratory as an indicator of insulin resistance. <br />Methods: To carry out the bibliographic review article, a documentary exploration method was used through a search for information in databases of journals such as Google Scholar, Pubmed, Scopus, Elsevier, SciELO and Medline. <br />Results: The articles analyzed provide relevant information on the TG/HDL-C ratio and the importance of the laboratory as an indicator to predict and evaluate insulin resistance. Relevant information was also found on dyslipidemias and the different methods used for evaluation of the IR. <br />Conclusion: The triglycerides/HDL-C ratio is of utmost importance in the early diagnosis of insulin resistance, since in the studies reviewed a high value of this ratio is consistent with IR.</p> Kevin Alexis Solís Salinas, Edison Arturo Galárraga Pérez Copyright (c) 2024 Kevin Alexis Solís Salinas, Edison Arturo Galárraga Pérez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/720 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Importance of total testosterone in subjects who perform exercises that require great physical effort https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/702 <p>INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, especially high-impact activity, generates an increase in total testosterone levels in the athletes' bodies, this increase provides a gain in strength and muscle growth in a short period of time. <br />METHODS: A narrative review was carried out with different search strategies in PubMed, Elsevier, Academic Google, Scielo, 22 research articles and reviews published in Spanish and English were included, from 2019 to 2023. <br />RESULTS: Of the studies reviewed, the majority provided key information on the association between elevated levels of total testosterone and physical growth in athletes. <br />CONCLUSION: Sport is essential to improve the quality of life of the individual, however, the obsession with developing spectacular muscles and increasing their strength has led athletes to consume anabolic androgenic steroids that dangerously raise testosterone levels, consequently, causing the damage to organs and systems, which could become a public health problem; therefore, consumption must be controlled medically. Low testosterone levels in men are associated with erectile dysfunction, in women with infections and vaginal dryness. Testosterone levels in trans women, despite wanting to suppress them through hormone therapy, remain high, giving them an additional advantage over the rest of the female gender.</p> Yanira Monserrath Herrera Telenchana, Lourdes Gioconda Tabares Rosero Copyright (c) 2023 Yanira Monserrath Herrera Telenchana, Lourdes Gioconda Tabares Rosero https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/702 Mon, 25 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effects of malnutrition on child neurodevelopment and mental health https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/742 <p>Introduction: Childhood malnutrition, a serious public health problem in children and adolescents, with changes in body composition, homeostasis of the body, neurodevelopment and alterations in mental health. Objective: Describe the effects of malnutrition on neurodevelopment and children's mental health. Methods: Narrative review study, with a documentary, non-systematic and descriptive design in scientific databases: Pubmed, Scopus, SciELO, Redalyc and Google Scholar, using Health Sciences descriptors, whose selection criteria were complete articles published between 2018 -2023, in English and Spanish. Results: Families with better socioeconomic status have children with a higher risk of suffering from malnutrition due to overweight and obesity, while malnutrition is more common in children from low-income families in poorer countries; However, changes in the epidemiology of diseases due to malnutrition with emotional alterations were prevalent in developed countries, considered a global problem. People diagnosed with psychiatric illnesses, reported with childhood trauma, such as abuse and/or maltreatment, may be at greater risk of suffering from malnutrition due to eating disorders. Conclusions: Nutrition is the greatest environmental influence on childhood neurodevelopment, due to the impact on mental health that begins with maternal prenatal malnutrition, alters neurodevelopment and increases the postnatal risk of decreased cognitive function, behavioral disorders and greater susceptibility to neuropsychiatric disorders. Similarly, obesity during pregnancy predisposes the fetus to a phenotype with neurodevelopmental impairments, producing postnatal alterations in executive functions, decreased impulse control, and compulsive eating behaviors.</p> Carolina Arráiz de Fernández, Gerardo Fernández Soto, Luis Rojas Conde, Fabiola Chasillacta Amores, Gerardo Fernández Arráiz, Maritza Cabrera Copyright (c) 2024 Carolina Arráiz de Fernández, Gerardo Fernández Soto, Luis Rojas Conde, Fabiola Chasillacta Amores, Gerardo Fernández Arráiz, Maritza Cabrera https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/742 Tue, 27 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Bacterial resistance of microbial agents causing urinary tract infections in pregnant women https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/728 <p>Introduction: urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in pregnant women due to different anatomical, hormonal and functional changes. The incidence of UTI in pregnant women is 5% to 10%. This study collected information related to etiological agents, predisposing factors for UTI, mechanisms and antibiotic resistance by etiological agents in pregnant women.<br />Methods: a bibliographic review was carried out in databases in Pubmed, Scopus, Scielo, Elsevier and Google Google Scholar. In which, through the prism method, scientific articles and documents containing updated information published during the period 2018-2023 were selected and included.<br />Results: a thorough search was carried out in different databases and 19 articles were selected, in which it was identified that the most frequent etiological agent was Escherichia coli, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae. The antibiotic with the greatest resistance by the etiological agents was ampicillin and the main mechanism of resistance in uropathogens was the production of βLEE mainly in Escherichia coli.<br />Conclusions: urinary tract infection is frequent in pregnant women, and resistance to antibiotics has currently been increasing, so it is important to constantly update the pattern of susceptibility and resistance to antibiotics in pregnant women for antibiotic treatment and prevention feto-maternal safety.</p> Jenifer Maribel Santo Guanoluisa, Álvaro Sebastián Ron Mora Copyright (c) 2024 Jenifer Maribel Santo Guanoluisa, Álvaro Sebastián Ron Mora https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/728 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Molecular approach to skin aging: new perspectives https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/763 <p>Introduction: skin aging is a physiological process that causes concern in people by modifying the morphological characteristics of the skin; Beyond aesthetics, the skin is an organ with various functions, such as protection, hormone secretion, temperature regulation; Aging can be of two types: intrinsic, produced by the senescence of cells, extrinsic: produced by the interaction of all the components of the skin and external factors, the best known being ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun.</p> Anthony Fiallos, Zenia Batista Castro Copyright (c) https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/763 Tue, 27 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Respiratory viral co-infections: a systematic review on SARS CoV-2, Influenza Virus, Respiratory Syncytial Virus https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/634 <p>Introduction: Respiratory diseases are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the general population, but it affects older adults, children and immunocompromised people to a greater extent, with viruses being responsible for 80% of these infections. Studies have shown that influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus are the most commonly identified agents. Since 2019 with the beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic, the world's population has undergone great changes, with thousands of infections, deaths and economic losses. <br />Methods: A systematic electronic search of articles published from 2018 to July 2023 was carried out in the databases PubMed, Springer Scielo, ELSEVIER, Google Scholar. Descriptive, retrospective, prospective, observational, meta-analysis, original articles were chosen, which provided statistical information, for their search keywords such as: COVID 1, co-infection, respiratory co-infection, SARS Cov-2 infection, influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus. <br />Results: With the literature review, 552 articles were obtained, of which only 73 were chosen according to the eligibility criteria, excluding 52, with a total result of 21 scientific articles. <br />Conclusions: Although the incidence of COVID-19 remains high, the prevalence of respiratory viral co-infections is relatively low. Global infection control measures may have contributed to reducing the circulation of respiratory viruses. All these actions should be directed for the benefit of the vulnerable population and should be cost-effective for health systems.</p> Vanessa Pérez, Ricardo Recalde-Navarrete Copyright (c) 2024 Vanessa Pérez, Ricardo Recalde-Navarrete https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/634 Mon, 15 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Actualización en técnicas diagnósticas de Amebiasis https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/725 <p>Amebiasis is an intestinal infection prevalent throughout the world, with the population of underdeveloped and tropical countries being the most affected. The disease is caused by the genus Entamoeba, Entamoeba histolytica is considered the only pathogenic species for humans, affecting the intestine, lung, brain and liver with the formation of abscesses. The data on the prevalence and incidence of amebiasis are considered to be overestimated, because traditionally the epidemiology of the disease has been studied by direct observation by microscopy, a technique that does not facilitate the differentiation of E. histolytica from other morphologically similar and non-pathogenic amoebas. To identify the real rate of amebiasis infection, techniques and methods have been implemented that moderately increase the diagnostic specificity of amebiasis, such as concentration techniques (Faust and Ritchie), stains, cultures and blood tests; these methods have not been able to resolve this problem public health problem. With the arrival of technology, laboratories have managed to implement techniques that identify microorganisms at a molecular level using techniques such as: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), whose specificity rate is close to 100%, which they are considered novel techniques whose objective is to update the diagnostic process of amebiasis.</p> Kevin Adrián Garcés Curay, Elena Johanna Pérez Laborde Copyright (c) 2024 Kevin Adrián Garcés Curay, Elena Johanna Pérez Laborde https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/725 Mon, 15 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Main risk factors for sudden death in infants and prevention measures https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/683 <p>Introduction: Sudden infant death (SIDS), first defined in 1956 by the American Academy of Pediatrics as the death of an apparently healthy child, less than one year of age, without comprehensive explanation, including a complete autopsy and examination detail of the death scene, this event occurs especially during sleep. It is a syndromic diagnosis that is reached by exclusion and is likely to have different etiologies. The objective of this bibliographic review is to compile updated information on the main risk factors involved in sudden infant death, establishing prevention measures applicable within society.<br />Methodology: Literature review study based on the search for information using recognized electronic databases in health sciences such as PubMed, Scopus, Scielo, Science direct, Google Scholar, using keywords such as sudden death; infant; risk factor's; prevention, unexpected death including original scientific articles published in the last five years, without language restriction, 100 articles were reviewed of which 30 were chosen.<br />Results: Information is collected that allows establishing sleeping position and drug consumption by caregivers as potential causes of sudden death in infants, in addition to the use of campaigns as the main strategy to eradicate the causative factors.<br />Conclusions: Sudden infant death is a syndrome that frequently occurs in children under 6 months of age, constituting an important health problem. It is determined that the sleeping position is the factor that causes it most frequently and that it can be modifiable.</p> Mónica Tixi Moya, Edisson Fiallos Copyright (c) 2023 Mónica Tixi Moya, Edisson Fiallos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/683 Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cystatin C as an early marker of cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/684 <p>Introduction: Cystatin C, a protein with stable plasma concentration and exclusive renal elimination, has been highlighted as a promising early marker of cardiovascular risk in diabetic patients due to its relationship with renal function and inflammation.<br />Objective: To identify in the existing literature the association between Cystatin C and cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes, evaluating its potential as a marker by means of a systematic review.<br />Methods: We performed exhaustive searches of scientific databases and selected ten studies that met the inclusion criteria. These studies focused on the evaluation of Cystatin C expression profiles and their effectiveness as a marker in the diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular disease. The PRISMA method was used.<br />Results: The studies reveal that cystatin C is closely associated with type 2 diabetes, predicts cardiovascular disease, and provides an accurate assessment of renal function in diabetic patients, highlighting its usefulness as an early marker of complications. Furthermore, elevated cystatin C levels correlate with increased mortality and cardiovascular risk, surpassing in accuracy other traditional markers, positioning it as a key indicator in the comprehensive assessment of risk and prognosis in diabetic patients.<br />Conclusions: Cystatin C shows promising links with diabetes and cardiovascular risk in diabetic patients, suggesting its usefulness as an early marker. Although it offers the potential for detecting renal and cardiac complications, further research is required before its widespread clinical implementation.</p> Maritza Anabel Tisalema-Panimboza, Edison Arturo Galárraga-Pérez Copyright (c) 2023 Maritza Anabel Tisalema-Panimboza, Edison Arturo Galárraga-Pérez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/684 Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Research competencies in nursing teachers https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/705 <p>Introduction: Research competencies in Nursing professors are a neuralgic dimension in university processes. In this sense, it is useful to recognize opportunities to enhance their development and overcome hindering barriers. A first step in identifying these shortcomings is to delve deeper into the phenomenon that, although it is highly studied, its approach is not always consistent with real needs.<br />Objective: Analyze current approaches to the development of research competencies in Nursing teachers.<br />Methods: Integrative review for a critical and reflective analysis of contents of documents published between 2017-2023 with a clear methodology and theoretical reference, selected in the month of November 2023. Keywords identified in DeCS and MeHS and Boolean operators were used: “research in Nursing” AND “teachers” AND “Nursing” AND “competency-based education”. The search strategy was carried out in the Index, SciELO, and Dialnet databases. The flow chart (PRISMA) was used to formulate the search strategy, 96 articles were identified and reviewed, of which 14 were useful regarding the evolution of the category. The following inclusion criteria were considered: original or review studies, available in full text, that declared the methodology applied, published in English and Spanish.<br />Conclusions: And elements were identified that deal with qualities of the phenomenon from the legacy and significance of research in Nursing, the conceptions of research competencies, the impact on professional training with a research focus and the culture of research and development of the professor.</p> Anibal Espinosa Aguilar, Michel Oria Saavedra, Gloria Concepción Rojas Ruíz, Carlos Oscar Lepez Copyright (c) 2023 Anibal Espinosa Aguilar, Michel Oria Saavedra, Gloria Concepción Rojas Ruíz, Carlos Oscar Lepez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/705 Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Evidence-based design: a critical success factor for the implementation of Care Management Models https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/673 <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Introduction: Health institutions are inserted in an organizational conglomerate and where each of the organizations that make up society are subject to management as a fundamental pillar for their permanence in the system. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">There is an element that in the evidence of the implementation of care management models has not been raised as a critical success factor and that is essential in the organizational structure. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">This is evidence-based design (EBD). </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Therefore, the objective of this article is to explain the relevance of DBE in the implementation of care management models. </span></span><br /><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Development: The design of healthcare facilities is a complex process that not only creates and allocates physical spaces, but also shapes the dynamic flows of patients, staff, visitors, equipment and information. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">In this context, it is relevant that nurse managers are participants in the prior planning and programming process, so that they are involved in making structural decisions that allow patients' needs to be resolved. </span></span><br /><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Conclusion: With the current unprecedented increase in hospital construction, it is imperative to integrate the institutional management model, the financing model and the care management model and consider the environmental characteristics that influence the well-being of patients, visitors and personnel are identified and incorporated into future hospital designs.</span></span></p> Javier Rojas-Avila, Katiuska Lídice Reynaldos-Grandón Copyright (c) 2024 Javier Rojas-Avila, Katiuska Lídice Reynaldos-Grandón https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/673 Sun, 18 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Transformative Role of Technology in Medical Education https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/657 <p>Introduction: Medical education has undergone a remarkable transformation driven by technological advances in recent decades. The progressive integration of digital tools and innovative technologies has significantly enriched access to educational resources and improved clinical practice.<br />Objective: This analysis aims to evaluate the impact of various emerging technologies in medical education and their influence on clinical practice, highlighting improvements in skills and diagnostic accuracy, as well as the personalization of learning.<br />Methods: A comprehensive analysis of pilot studies and systematic reviews was conducted that evaluated the impact of various technologies on medical education. Data collected from leading institutions were examined and statistical techniques were used to evaluate the effectiveness of these technological interventions.<br />Results: Pilot studies demonstrated significant improvements in surgical skills and diagnostic accuracy of medical students who benefited from virtual reality and clinical simulators. The application of artificial intelligence and machine learning has also improved the interpretation of medical data and early diagnosis of diseases.<br />Conclusions: The continued integration of emerging technologies into medical education shows promising potential to personalize learning and improve patient care. However, challenges such as data security and appropriate training must be addressed to ensure successful implementation and lasting impact on clinical practice and medical education.</p> Justiniano Felix Palomino Quispe, Leopoldo Choque-Flores, Alisson Lizbeth Castro León, Luis Villar Requis Carbajal, Lucio-Arnulfo Ferrer-Peñaranda, Lindomira Castro Llaja, Elvira García-Huamantumba, Roberto Carlos Dávila Morán, Leonardo Velarde Dávila Copyright (c) 2023 Justiniano Felix Palomino Quispe, Leopoldo Choque-Flores, Alisson Lizbeth Castro León, Luis Villar Requis Carbajal, Lucio-Arnulfo Ferrer-Peñaranda, Lindomira Castro Llaja, Elvira García-Huamantumba, Roberto Carlos Dávila Morán, Leonardo Velarde Dávila https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/657 Tue, 14 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Enhancing Cognitive Function with Electroencephalography-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces in Education https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/764 <p>This research delves into the transformative potential of Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) in the domains of education and healthcare. The study explores their applications for cognitive disorder diagnosis and their integration into educational environments, highlighting the multidisciplinary collaboration and technological advancements driving BCI research. Objective: The primary objective is to assess the impact of BCIs on cognitive disorder diagnosis and their potential integration into educational settings. Methodology: A qualitative systematic review of scientific articles published in English and Spanish between 2010 and 2022 was conducted. A total of 84 articles were evaluated, with 68 meeting the selection criteria, focusing on BCI as the object of study associated with cognitive functions. Results: The study reveals the pivotal role of EEG technology in BCI development, particularly in diagnosing cognitive disorders such as ADHD. It highlights the applications of BCIs in cognitive training and their promising potential in enhancing education and healthcare. Interdisciplinary collaboration is identified as a driving force, fostering innovation in BCI systems. Conclusion: This research underscores that BCIs represent not only technological innovation but also a paradigm shift in how cognitive disorders are diagnosed and managed. Their integration into educational settings holds promise for tailored interventions, improving learning experiences and socialization. BCIs empower individuals with disabilities, granting them greater independence and access to various technological tools. The study's findings have profound implications for educational strategies and the overall quality of life for individuals with cognitive disorders, offering a brighter future where BCIs redefine possibilities and enhance the human experience.<br />Keywords: Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs); Cognitive Functions; Electroencephalogram (EEG); Educational Technology; Neurological Disorders.</p> Jhonny Richard Rodriguez-Barboza, Flor de María Sánchez-Aguirre, Gliria Susana Méndez-Ilizarbe, Ricardo-Edmundo Ruiz-Villavicencio, Giovana Edith Ruiz-Villavicencio, Carmen Gisela Ramos-Ventura Copyright (c) 2024 Jhonny Richard Rodriguez-Barboza, Flor de María Sánchez-Aguirre, Gliria Susana Méndez-Ilizarbe, Ricardo-Edmundo Ruiz-Villavicencio, Giovana Edith Ruiz-Villavicencio, Carmen Gisela Ramos-Ventura https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/764 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Characterization of breast cancer detection programs in the Americas region with a focus on Ecuador https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/741 <p>Introduction: <br />Breast cancer is the leading cause of mortality in women in the Americas Region, with 491,000 annual cases and approximately 106,391 deaths. In Ecuador, in 2020, there were 38.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, with a mortality rate of 10.9 per 100,000 individuals, emphasizing the importance of early detection and access to effective treatments to reduce the morbimortality associated with this pathology.<br />Methodology: A systematic review of 58,922 scientific articles was conducted, from which, applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 36 publications were selected from databases such as PubMed, BVS, SCOPE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and health websites of the six representative countries under study: the United States, Canada, Mexico, Uruguay, Brazil, and Ecuador. The collected data measured the impact and characteristics of breast cancer detection programs in relation to the reduction of mortality.<br />Results: Fifty percent of selected countries have active breast cancer detection programs, 33% (equivalent to 2 nations) had protocols and clinical guidelines for prevention, and only one South American country was in the initial stage of implementing a sustainable pilot plan.<br />Conclusion: In the Americas Region, it is crucial for governments to implement organized and accessible programs, ensuring universal access to the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Ecuador must join this initiative, promoting prevention and public health through pragmatic policies to reduce mortality from breast cancer.<br />Keywords: screening programs, breast cancer, original article, healthcare system, health promotion, disease prevention.</p> Carolina Campoverde Loor, Ricardo Recalde-Navarrete Copyright (c) 2024 Carolina Campoverde Loor, Ricardo Recalde-Navarrete https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/741 Mon, 12 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Quality of Life in Hypertensive University professors and Nursing Intervention during the COVID-19 Pandemic in A Health Facility in North Lima https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/697 <p>Introduction: Hypertension is one of the diseases that puts at risk the quality of life of the person making him vulnerable to presenting another disease, therefore, the objective of research is to determine the quality of life in hypertensive university professors and the intervention of nursing during pandemic of COVID-19 in a health facility in North Lima.<br />Methods: It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional study, with a total population of 265 hypertensive university professors, who responded to a questionnaire of sociodemographic data and the SF-36 questionnaire.<br />Results: In their results, it was observed that 16(6%) of hypertensive university professors have a low quality of life 93 (35.1%) average quality of life, 76 (28.7% high quality of life and 80 (30.2%) a very high quality of life.<br />Conclusions: In conclusion, strategies should be sought that allow the guidance of the person with hypertension on the possible risks of their disease and how to prevent it.</p> Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Hernan Matta-Solis, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Lida Asencios-Trujillo Copyright (c) 2023 Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Hernan Matta-Solis, Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Livia Piñas-Rivera, Lida Asencios-Trujillo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/697 Fri, 05 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Educational Strategies for Pandemic Prevention and Preparedness: Lessons from COVID-19 for the Future https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/652 <p>Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic led to mandatory virtual education; as vaccination progressed, a return to in-person learning was implemented with biosecurity strategies in place. <br />Objective: To analyze health measures and actions implemented in the educational context during the COVID-19 pandemic for prevention, preparedness, and response to future international public health emergencies. <br />Methods: A systematic review was conducted following PRISMA 2020 guidelines. Data were collected from Scopus, Science Direct, and Google Scholar databases, with inclusion and exclusion criteria reducing the initial 341 articles to 12 for analysis. <br />Results: Three key strategies for addressing future pandemics in educational settings are highlighted. Prevention focuses on measures like social distancing, mask-wearing, and rigorous hygiene to ensure the safety of students and staff. Preparedness involves ongoing training, clear protocols, and available resources. Response includes socioemotional support for students and teachers, continuous assessments, and necessary adjustments. <br />Conclusions: This study provides a solid foundation for developing prevention, preparedness, and response strategies in the educational context in the face of potential COVID-19 resurgences and other public health emergencies. By implementing these measures, educational institutions will be better prepared to ensure continuity of education and protect the health of students and staff in a world facing unknown challenges.</p> Richar Jacobo Posso-Pacheco, Carmen Mercedes Zambrano-Aguilar, Rodolfo Martín Cornejo-Urbina, Sinchi Yachac Chimba-Santillán, Nube Marina Chimbay-Vallejo Copyright (c) 2023 Richar Jacobo Posso-Pacheco, Carmen Mercedes Zambrano-Aguilar, Rodolfo Martín Cornejo-Urbina, Sinchi Yachac Chimba-Santillán, Nube Marina Chimbay-Vallejo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/652 Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Lipidomics: A comprehensive view of the lipid profile and its relationship to cardiovascular risk https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/723 <p>Introduction: the World Health Organization stated that cardiovascular diseases cause the death of 17.9 million people annually. The Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis recommended complete lipid analysis including total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein (a) for cardiovascular risk. <br />Objective: to conduct a review article on lipidomics and its integral approach in the analysis of the lipid profile, with emphasis on its relationship with cardiovascular risk, by searching and synthesizing relevant and updated scientific literatura. <br />Methods: the search was carried out in the databases PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and in the Google Schoolar search engine, following the PRISMA guidelines, the PICO question was posed, studies from the last 5 years and in English language were included. <br />Results: A total of 5827 documents were obtained and 11 articles were included in the analysis of results. Six articles were used to determine the relationship between non-HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and remaining cholesterol with cardiovascular risk, three for the relationship between lipoprotein (a) and cardiovascular risk and two were used in relation to ethnicity and formulas to determine lipoproteins. <br />Conclusions: apolipoprotein B over non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol is the best lipid biomarker, lipoprotein (a) is recommended to be measured once in life and it is advisable to measure LDL cholesterol directly. Introduction: the World Health Organization stated that cardiovascular diseases cause the death of 17.9 million people annually. The Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis recommended complete lipid analysis including total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein (a) for cardiovascular risk. <br />Objective: to conduct a review article on lipidomics and its integral approach in the analysis of the lipid profile, with emphasis on its relationship with cardiovascular risk, by searching and synthesizing relevant and updated scientific literatura. <br />Methods: the search was carried out in the databases PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and in the Google Schoolar search engine, following the PRISMA guidelines, the PICO question was posed, studies from the last 5 years and in English language were included. <br />Results: A total of 5827 documents were obtained and 11 articles were included in the analysis of results. Six articles were used to determine the relationship between non-HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and remaining cholesterol with cardiovascular risk, three for the relationship between lipoprotein (a) and cardiovascular risk and two were used in relation to ethnicity and formulas to determine lipoproteins. <br />Conclusions: apolipoprotein B over non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol is the best lipid biomarker, lipoprotein (a) is recommended to be measured once in life and it is advisable to measure LDL cholesterol directly. <br /><br /></p> Karen Nicole Punina Lindo, Álvaro Sebastián Ron Mora Copyright (c) 2023 Karen Nicole Punina Lindo, Álvaro Sebastián Ron Mora https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/723 Sun, 14 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Gender and self-regulation in students https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/615 <p>Introduction: the literature states the importance of self-regulation and gender in school contexts. Therefore, it is necessary to review the published evidence on how the two variables interact. <br />Objective: to describe research that addresses the variables gender and self-regulation in school contexts.<br />Methods: a review was carried out using the PRISMA method, searching three databases, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS), and Scielo in July 2023, considering studies in early childhood, primary and secondary school contexts.<br />Results: Nineteen out of 94 articles identified were analyzed. All of these are quantitative and mostly explanatory. The reported results indicate that female students showed higher levels of self-regulation than male students There are clear differences in results across cultures, and gender is used as a predictor and moderator of self-regulation and other variables. On the language used to refer to gender, 17 publications were found that use terms referring to biological rather than gender differences. <br />Conclusions: The results show the importance of the gender variable on self-regulation when used as a predictor and moderating variable. The need to take care with the language used to refer to gender and to justify the reasons for collecting data on this variable is evident, for the respective interpretations of the studies.</p> Carolina Contreras-Saavedra, Fabiola Sáez-Delgado, Carla Contreras-Saavedra, Javier Mella-Norambuena, Yaranay López-Angulo Copyright (c) 2023 Carolina Contreras-Saavedra, Fabiola Sáez-Delgado, Carla Contreras-Saavedra, Javier Mella-Norambuena, Yaranay López-Angulo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/615 Sun, 10 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Systemic review of studies of cyberbullying in Hispanic American adolescents https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/800 <p>Bullying, cyberbullying and virtual intimidation in adolescents is a problem with relevant aspects to be investigated, since in recent years it has been increasing, taking into account that during adolescence acceptance among peers is essential for their social development, that is why this population is prone to suffer rejection, harassment and all kinds of cyber violence. The purpose of this work is to know research on the variables associated with bullying, cyberbullying and virtual intimidation in adolescents. For this, the articles that have been published between 2011 and 2021 in Spanish, English in the following bases have been reviewed: Pro Quest, EBSCO Host, Scopus and Eric.</p> Fernando Joel Rosario Quiroz, Kriss Melody Calla Vásquez, Freddy Antonio Ochoa Tataje, Jesús Yolanda Morí Holguín, Marilyn Villanueva-Batallanos Copyright (c) 2024 Fernando Joel Rosario Quiroz, Kriss Melody Calla Vásquez, Freddy Antonio Ochoa Tataje, Jesús Yolanda Morí Holguín, Marilyn Villanueva-Batallanos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/800 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of fEffectiveness of fruit and vegetable consumption with asthmatic symptoms and episodes: A systematic review https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/739 <p>Introducción: El asma es una enfermedad crónica por lo cual es imprescindible adherirse a un buen tratamiento y seguir las recomendaciones de manera adecuada, Objetivo: determinar la efectividad de recomendar consumir frutas y verduras (FV) sobre la reducción de crisis asmáticas, incluido puntajes del cuestionario de control de asma (ACQ) e interleucina-6 (IL-6), Métodos: La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos electrónicas: Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus y Cochrane Library. Fueron incluidos estudios que aplicaron al menos una intervención o recomendación de consumo de FV en pacientes con asma, inflamaciones en las vías respiratorias y otros problemas asociados. Dos revisores independientes evaluaron los estudios seleccionados y midieron riesgo de sesgo. Se resumió la información relevante y se combinó con metaanálisis de efecto aleatorio (DerSimonian-Laird). Se aplicó RevMan 5.4. Por último, se evaluó el grado de recomendación con GRADE-pro, Resultados: Fueron identificados tres ensayos clínicos aleatorios (ECA) que suman 197 sujetos. Se logró observar una disminución de síntomas asmáticos según el ACQ, pero no estadísticamente significativo (-0,20; IC 95%: -0,59; 0,19). Además, interleucina-6 tampoco presentó significancia 0,20 (IC 95%: -0,06; 0,46). La naturaleza del diseño de los estudios meta-analizados permite puntuar un grado de recomendación alto y moderado, respectivamente. Los hallazgos en general sugieren que la ingesta de FV pueden generar cambios favorables en el asma y en su prevención. Sin embargo, este estudio no consiguió demostrarlo estadísticamente, Conclusión: Es necesario que se realicen más ECA para aumentar la potencia de la evidencia y actualizar la información disponible.</p> Emilie Thomann-López, Moisés González-Ramírez, Gastón Morales-Quiroga, Carolina Pérez-Sánchez, Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza Copyright (c) 2024 Emilie Thomann-López, Moisés González-Ramírez, Gastón Morales-Quiroga, Carolina Pérez-Sánchez, Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/739 Fri, 19 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Treatment outcomes of the e-Health in the elderly: A systematic review https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/610 <p>Since the SARS-Cov-2 pandemic, e-Health has become an alternative for patient care; however, few studies have shown the treatment results of this tool in the elderly. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of telemedicine treatment in the elderly. A systematic review was carried out according to the formulation of the question, literature search, selection of eligibility criteria, selection of articles, evaluation of the methodological quality of the studies, synthesis and levels of evidence. The PubMed, CINAHL and Science Direct databases were used. The search strategy was constructed according to the combination of MeSH descriptors, CINAHL Subjects, keywords, Boolean operators AND and OR. Experimental studies between 2017 and 2022 were included. All references were exported to the EndNote manager. Methodological quality was analyzed using the Mixed Method Appraisal Tools (MMAT) checklist. The deductive thematic analysis of the data was based on the Model for Assessment of Telemedicine Applications (MAST). Of a total of 2,628 articles identified, 15 duplicates were eliminated and 10 included. Telephone follow-up is a clinically effective tool that was evidenced by psychosocial changes in the elderly.</p> Elizabeth Martínez, Fernanda Rivera, Katiuska Reynaldos-Grandón, Felipe Díaz, María Elisa León, Naldy Febré, Ricardo Arcêncio, Denisse Cartagena-Ramos Copyright (c) 2023 Elizabeth Martínez, Fernanda Rivera, Katiuska Reynaldos-Grandón, Felipe Díaz, María Elisa León, Naldy Febré, Ricardo Arcêncio, Denisse Cartagena-Ramos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/610 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Use of complementary medicine vs alternative therapies in Polycystic ovary syndrome https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/629 <p>Introduction: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a gynecological endocrine pathology characterized by affecting the quality of life of women of reproductive age, due to the variety of signs and symptoms that manifest, there are treatment options such as the use of complementary medicine and alternative therapies. <br />Objective: To determine the use of complementary medicine and alternative therapies in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. <br />Methods: Systematic review with reflexive critical analysis of publications from 2019 to 2020, in English and Spanish. The question was elaborated using the PICO strategy. Keywords extracted in Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCs) were used. The search was performed in Scopus, PubMed, Semantic Scholar and Google Scholar databases. The PRISMA flowchart was used as a search strategy. The bibliographic sources were organized and interpreted by means of documentary analysis and synthesis. <br />Results: The methods used in complementary medicine are acupuncture, auriculotherapy, kinesiology, Chinese medicine enema and electrical stimulation. On the contrary, in alternative therapies are yoga, moxibustion, naturopathy and phytotherapy. In addition, as pharmacological method vitamin D, metformin and iron or folic acid. <br />Conclusions: Complementary medicine is the most used as a method of treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, specifically the most prevalent is acupuncture as it decreases the symptomatology, induces ovulation, allows improving the menstrual cycle, fertility and increases self-esteem in patients.</p> Yadira Nathaly Chicaiza Quilligana, Ana Lucia Jiménez Peralta Copyright (c) 2023 Yadira Nathaly Chicaiza Quilligana, Ana Lucia Jiménez Peralta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/629 Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Gastric trichobezoar in a 4-year-old female patient with surgical resolution. Case report https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/716 <p>Introduction: Bezoars are indigestible substances that accumulate in the gastrointestinal tract, most often in the stomach. Gastric Trichobezoar (GT) is the most common bezoar found in the stomach. According to their content, bezoars are divided into plant bezoars, capillary bezoars, lactose bezoars and medicinal bezoars. The most common complications reported over the years include gastric mucosal erosion, gastric or small bowel ulceration and perforation, gastric outlet obstruction, intussusception, obstructive jaundice, protein deficiency enteropathy, pancreatitis, and death. The treatment is surgery.<br />Clinical case: A 4-year-old female patient presents with cough and odynophagia, accompanied by abdominal pain located in the epigastrium, which persists and is exacerbated by movements, does not radiate, is accompanied by an unquantified rise in temperature, imaging studies are performed where it draws attention. Abdominal echo with report of mass at the level of the epigastrium, abdominal x-ray was performed with evidence of levels. They performed a simple abdominal tomography which confirmed the presence of a foreign body in the stomach classified as a bezoar.<br />Evolution: Exploratory laparotomy + gastrostomy + trichobezoar extraction + gastric raphia was performed, a procedure without complications. Stable patient, without oxygen support, no signs of respiratory distress, tolerates feeding, better pain control, with good post-surgical evolution.<br />Conclusions: Trichobezoars are extremely rare and pose diagnostic and treatment problems. Although laparoscopy currently seems to have promising results in expert hands, laparotomy remains the most successful surgical treatment. Postoperative psychological treatment is essential to correct patients' psychological and behavioral alterations and prevent their recurrence.</p> Freddy Alexander Aldaz Vallejo, Tatiana del Rosario Pérez Landázuri, Devora Estefania Manzano Quisimalin, Jennifer Carolina Martínez, Estefany Elein Bonilla Ortiz, Jhoselyn Misheel Guerrero Ramos Copyright (c) 2023 Freddy Alexander Aldaz Vallejo, Tatiana del Rosario Pérez Landázuri, Devora Estefania Manzano Quisimalin, Jennifer Carolina Martínez, Estefany Elein Bonilla Ortiz, Jhoselyn Misheel Guerrero Ramos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/716 Wed, 03 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Case Report: Compassionate application of chlorine dioxide-based solution in a patient with metastatic prostate cancer https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/699 <p>Chlorine dioxide is a powerful and cost-effective oxidizing agent that has demonstrated anti-cancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. Its proposed mechanism involves the release of free radicals, which disrupt the delicate oxidative balance within cancer cells. In case report, the patient has voluntarily opted for compassionate chlorine dioxide therapy over continuing conventional chemotherapy and immunotherapy due to side effects and uncertain survival outcomes. The concentration of the chlorine dioxide solution was 1/100 times lower than the LOAEL threshold, ensuring that not compromise the patients' health. This is the first follow-up in patient diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer, who shown tumor reduction at distant sites from the primary tumor with no side effects. This preliminary observation suggests that chlorine dioxide and its free radicals could be potential mediators of an anticancer response. However, it is imperative to emphasize the importance of conducting rigorous clinical trials to validate these initial findings.</p> Manuel Aparicio-Alonso, Verónica Torres-Solórzano Copyright (c) 2024 Manuel Aparicio-Alonso, Verónica Torres-Solórzano https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/699 Wed, 03 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Necrotizing Enterocolitis in a 10-day-old premature male neonate with surgical resolution. Case Report https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/660 <p>Introduction: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious intestinal disease characterized by intestinal inflammation and necrosis. This disease is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system in newborns and mainly affects premature babies who survive the early neonatal period. NEC was first described in the 1940s and 1950s; Since then, many physicians and scientists have devoted extensive research efforts to understanding the pathogenesis of NEC, developing treatments and interventions to prevent the disease, and improving treatment strategies.<br />Clinical case: Premature male patient, 10 days old, born by emergency cesarean section at 28 weeks of gestation, newborn weight and height not in accordance with his gestational age, antibiotic therapy is rotated during hospitalization in a neonatology specialty, he reports respiratory difficulty, neonatal anemia, blood transfusion is decided plus CPAP via nasal cannula, an abdominal X-ray was performed which reported intestinal perforation.<br />Evolution: premature infant of 28 weeks of gestation, with respiratory distress and weight not in accordance with his age, is admitted to neonatology where laboratory tests are performed that indicate anemia plus low oxygen levels, complemented with transfusion plus CPAP, patient responds favorably. Abdominal X-ray was performed showing intestinal perforation; he was referred to pediatric surgery which showed necrotizing enterocolitis.<br />Conclusions: NEC is a rare entity in premature patients, the importance of the clinical picture for the imaging examination complements the effective diagnosis to reduce its possible complications and avoid mortality.</p> Freddy Alexander Aldaz Vallejo, Andrea Maribel Quezada, Jaime Raúl Sotamba, Maite Lisbeth Vásquez, Mateo Sebastián Suarez Copyright (c) 2023 Freddy Alexander Aldaz Vallejo, Andrea Maribel Quezada, Jaime Raúl Sotamba, Maite Lisbeth Vásquez, Mateo Sebastián Suarez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/660 Fri, 24 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000