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Falls, perceived social support and fear of falls in older adults

By
Luís Carlos Cortez González ,
Luís Carlos Cortez González

Facultad de Enfermería Dr, Santiago Valdés Galindo, Departamento de Posgrado e investigación, Saltillo, México

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Josué Francisco Vázquez López ,
Josué Francisco Vázquez López

Facultad de Enfermería Dr, Santiago Valdés Galindo, Departamento de Posgrado e investigación, Saltillo, México

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Alejandro Morales Jinez ,
Alejandro Morales Jinez

Facultad de Enfermería Unidad Torreón, Departamento de Posgrado e Investigación, Torreón, México

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Diana Berenice Cortes Montelongo ,
Diana Berenice Cortes Montelongo

Facultad de Enfermería Dr, Santiago Valdés Galindo, Departamento de Posgrado e investigación, Saltillo, México

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Tirso Duran Badillo ,
Tirso Duran Badillo

Unidad Académica Multidisciplinaria Matamoros, División Académica de Estudios de Posgrado, Matamoros, Tamaulipas, México

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Abstract

Introduction: Falls affect the functionality, quality of life and socio-familial relationships of older adults. Perceived social support and fear of falling because of a fall are important factors for falls syndrome and its prevention. Objective: To determine the association between previous falls and perceived social support with fear of falling in older adults. Methods: Analytic, cross-sectional and correlational study. The sample consisted of 250 participants. The instruments used were a Sociodemographic Data Form, the International Falls Efficacy Scale and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. A univariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between fear of falling and Perceived Social Support in participants with a history of falls. Results: A significant association was found between fear of falling and ASP (p = 0.006), the dimension of perceived family support (p = 0.003) and the dimension of perceived social support from friends (p = 0.031). In the predictive analysis, previous falls and perceived support from friends were found to predict fear of falling (F [2, 248] = 17.22; p<.001; R2=.122). Conclusion: Fear of falling was found to be dependent on previous falls and perception of support by friends, so nursing interventions to reduce fear of falling in MAPs should focus on these variables.
Keywords: Fall Accidents; Social support; Elderly; Fear.

How to Cite

1.
Cortez González LC, Vázquez López JF, Morales Jinez A, Cortes Montelongo DB, Duran Badillo T. Falls, perceived social support and fear of falls in older adults. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 11 [cited 2024 Feb. 23];4:713. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/713

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

 

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