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Lipidomics: A comprehensive view of the lipid profile and its relationship to cardiovascular risk

By
Karen Nicole Punina Lindo ,
Karen Nicole Punina Lindo

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Álvaro Sebastián Ron Mora ,
Álvaro Sebastián Ron Mora

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction: the World Health Organization stated that cardiovascular diseases cause the death of 17.9 million people annually. The Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis recommended complete lipid analysis including total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein (a) for cardiovascular risk.
Objective: to conduct a review article on lipidomics and its integral approach in the analysis of the lipid profile, with emphasis on its relationship with cardiovascular risk, by searching and synthesizing relevant and updated scientific literatura.
Methods: the search was carried out in the databases PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and in the Google Schoolar search engine, following the PRISMA guidelines, the PICO question was posed, studies from the last 5 years and in English language were included.
Results: A total of 5827 documents were obtained and 11 articles were included in the analysis of results. Six articles were used to determine the relationship between non-HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and remaining cholesterol with cardiovascular risk, three for the relationship between lipoprotein (a) and cardiovascular risk and two were used in relation to ethnicity and formulas to determine lipoproteins.
Conclusions: apolipoprotein B over non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol is the best lipid biomarker, lipoprotein (a) is recommended to be measured once in life and it is advisable to measure LDL cholesterol directly. Introduction: the World Health Organization stated that cardiovascular diseases cause the death of 17.9 million people annually. The Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis recommended complete lipid analysis including total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein (a) for cardiovascular risk.
Objective: to conduct a review article on lipidomics and its integral approach in the analysis of the lipid profile, with emphasis on its relationship with cardiovascular risk, by searching and synthesizing relevant and updated scientific literatura.
Methods: the search was carried out in the databases PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and in the Google Schoolar search engine, following the PRISMA guidelines, the PICO question was posed, studies from the last 5 years and in English language were included.
Results: A total of 5827 documents were obtained and 11 articles were included in the analysis of results. Six articles were used to determine the relationship between non-HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and remaining cholesterol with cardiovascular risk, three for the relationship between lipoprotein (a) and cardiovascular risk and two were used in relation to ethnicity and formulas to determine lipoproteins.
Conclusions: apolipoprotein B over non-HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol is the best lipid biomarker, lipoprotein (a) is recommended to be measured once in life and it is advisable to measure LDL cholesterol directly.

How to Cite

1.
Punina Lindo KN, Ron Mora Álvaro S. Lipidomics: A comprehensive view of the lipid profile and its relationship to cardiovascular risk. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 14 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];4:723. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/723

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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