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Emerging biomarkers in gestational diabetes: perspectives for improving diagnosis and prognoses

By
Andrea Belén Miranda Sánchez ,
Andrea Belén Miranda Sánchez

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Carrera de Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Álvaro Paul Moina Veloz ,
Álvaro Paul Moina Veloz

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Carrera de Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Gestational diabetes mellitus is a pathology suffered by one in seven pregnant women worldwide, in which carbohydrate metabolism is altered, that is, glucose intolerance occurs. It is recognized for the first time in pregnancy since these adaptations occur with the objective of providing an adequate amount of glucose to the fetus for its development. They are related to risk factors such as age, diet, lack of physical activity, among others, and can cause fetal macrosomia, neonatal jaundice, and cardiorespiratory complications. In the mother, it is diagnosed through different blood glucose tests such as the oral glucose tolerance test, O'Sullivan test, however currently new biomarkers have been implemented for an early prognosis such as IL-27, a protein retinol transporter 4, maternal fetuin A, high sensitivity C-reactive protein and molecular biomarkers, but more studies are required so that these biochemical markers can be standardized by an organization.

How to Cite

1.
Miranda Sánchez AB, Moina Veloz Álvaro P. Emerging biomarkers in gestational diabetes: perspectives for improving diagnosis and prognoses. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 16 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];4:733. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/733

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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