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Self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in primary health care to avoid diabetic foot

By
María Belén Espíndola Lara ,
María Belén Espíndola Lara

Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo. Riobamba, Ecuador

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Angel Rafael Borja Cabrera ,
Angel Rafael Borja Cabrera

Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo. Riobamba, Ecuador

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Cinthya Anabel Ortiz Martínez ,
Cinthya Anabel Ortiz Martínez

Universidad Técnica de Ambato. Carrera de Enfermería. Ambato, Ecuador

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Diana Nathalie Navarrete Tinajero ,
Diana Nathalie Navarrete Tinajero

Universidad Técnica de Ambato. Carrera de Enfermería. Ambato, Ecuador

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Alba Maribel Viteri López ,
Alba Maribel Viteri López

Hospital General Ambato. (IESS). Ambato, Ecuador

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Fanny Paola Egas Medina ,
Fanny Paola Egas Medina

Universidad Técnica de Ambato. Carrera de Enfermería. Ambato, Ecuador

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Anthony Steeven Vilca Ruiz ,
Anthony Steeven Vilca Ruiz

Licenciado en Enfermería. Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, multifactorial disease, characterized by an alteration in carbohydrate metabolism. Objective: Determine self-care in patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus to prevent complications such as diabetic foot. Methodology: Quantitative, descriptive quasi-experimental study that includes a total of 20 adults from the Guaytacama parish of the city of Latacunga-Cotopaxi-Ecuador, for data collection a survey validated by experts in the area and with a reliability index was used. Cronbach's Alpha 0.9, inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied and data tabulation was carried out using the SPSS statistical tool. Results: At the beginning of the survey, it was determined that the patients had deficient knowledge about their disease and the care that it entails; after the intervention of the health personnel, the patients have clear information about self-care. Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is a disease that in the long term can cause disability, which is why the role of health personnel is fundamental in addressing education, since this helps to promote self-care, in order to avoid complications that can cause disability, and consequently psychological problems that worsen the quality of life of patients.

 

How to Cite

1.
Espíndola Lara MBEL, Borja Cabrera AR, Ortiz Martínez OM, Navarrete Tinajero NT, Viteri López VL, Egas Medina EM, Vilca Ruiz AS. Self-care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in primary health care to avoid diabetic foot. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];4:770. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/770

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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