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Clinical, physical, and psychological outcomes among individuals with post COVID-19 syndrome with different functional status: a cross-sectional study

By
Walter Sepúlveda-Loyola ,
Walter Sepúlveda-Loyola

Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Universidad de Las Americas, Santiago, Chile.

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Aline Gil Panont ,
Aline Gil Panont

Program of Master and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Paraná (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil.

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Jordana Cordeiro Maluf ,
Jordana Cordeiro Maluf

Program of Master and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Paraná (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil.

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Vanessa Suziane Probst ,
Vanessa Suziane Probst

Program of Master and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Paraná (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil.

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Lorena Oliveira Bezerra ,
Lorena Oliveira Bezerra

Program of Master and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Paraná (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil.

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Lauanda da Rocha Rodrigues ,
Lauanda da Rocha Rodrigues

Program of Master and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Paraná (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil.

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Alejandro Álvarez-Bustos ,
Alejandro Álvarez-Bustos

Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludable (CIBERFES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España

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Juan José Valenzuela- Fuenzalida ,
Juan José Valenzuela- Fuenzalida

Departamento de Morfología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andrés Bello, Santiago 8370186, Chile.

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Abstract

Introduction: Post-COVID-19 syndrome or long COVID is a condition characterized by symptoms that persist after the disease's infection. Objective: To compare clinical, physical, and psychological outcomes among individuals with post COVID-19 syndrome with different levels of functional status after hospitalization for COVID-19. Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional and with a quantitative approach with 75 individuals with post COVID-19 syndrome after hospitalization. Individuals underwent assessment of pulmonary function, six-minute walk test (6MWT), 1-minute sit and stand test (STS1), hand grip strength (HGS) and one repetition maximum test (1RM), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Short-Form Healthy Survey (SF-36) and Post-COVID Functional Scale (PCFS). Individuals were separated according to PCFS into two groups: low (LFL) and high (HFL) functional limitation (PCFS 1-2 and PCFS 3-4, respectively). Data regarding anthropometric and clinical characteristics, hospitalization history, and occupational activity were also collected. Results: Individuals post COVID-19 syndrome with HFL presented worse score in the SF-36 in the functional capacity (p=0,01); pain (p=0,01), social aspects (p=0,01) and these individuals had a higher need for ICU admission (p=0,03) and prolonged hospitalization stays (p=0,04) compared to those with LFL. Conclusion: Individuals with post COVID-19 syndrome that reported HFL exhibit poorer quality of life concerning the domains of functional capacity, pain, and social aspects when compared to those with LFL. Additionally, HFL individuals had a higher need for ICU admission and prolonged hospitalization stays.

How to Cite

1.
Sepulveda-Loyola W, Gil Panont A, Cordeiro Maluf J, Suziane Probst V, Oliveira Bezerra L, da Rocha Rodrigues L, Álvarez-Bustos A, Valenzuela- Fuenzalida JJ. Clinical, physical, and psychological outcomes among individuals with post COVID-19 syndrome with different functional status: a cross-sectional study. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];4:802. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/802

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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