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Educational program on oral health “Healthy smile”: knowledge and role of legal responsibilities and educators

By
Rosa María Montano-Silva ,
Rosa María Montano-Silva

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Yoneisy Abraham-Millán ,
Yoneisy Abraham-Millán

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Aliana Peña-Méndez ,
Aliana Peña-Méndez

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Yuliet Pérez-Cruz ,
Yuliet Pérez-Cruz

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Ernestina Navarro-González ,
Ernestina Navarro-González

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Clínica Estomatológica Docente “José Lázaro Fonseca López del Castillo. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Luis Enrique Ricardo-Díaz ,
Luis Enrique Ricardo-Díaz

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Holguín. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Mariana Grajales Coello”. Holguín, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: to achieve the health of infants and increase their quality of life, the health of legal guardians and educators is of particular importance; their beliefs and behaviors; and the ability, knowledge and will to acquire and provide the infant with healthy ways and styles of life.
Objective: determine the effectiveness of the “Healthy Smile” Program in terms of knowledge about oral health of legal representatives and educators, as well as the role of educators of preschool infants.
Methods: a quasi-experimental before-after research was carried out where the sample was 86 legal guardians and 9 preschool educators from the “La Demajagua-Atanagildo Cajigal” towns in the period 2021-2023.
Results: the pre-university level of instruction predominated (68; 71,579 %) and a regular level of knowledge (73; 76,842 %) before the implementation of the program; the same being modified to good (77; 81,053 %) with a tendency to fair (18; 18,947 %). The educators significantly increased (8; 88,88 %) the reasons for preventing diseases related to the stomatognathic apparatus to maintain good oral hygiene; the results of the student T test showed statistically significant differences in knowledge of caries (X1=3,22; X2=3,80) and about children’s oral health (X1=1,55; X2=3,44).
Conclusions: the “Healthy Smile” program was effective in positively modifying the level of knowledge about oral health of legal representatives and educators, as well as in the role assumed by them with respect to the health of the infants in their care.

How to Cite

1.
Montano-Silva RM, Abraham-Millán Y, Peña-Méndez A, Pérez-Cruz Y, Navarro-González E, Ricardo-Díaz LE. Educational program on oral health “Healthy smile”: knowledge and role of legal responsibilities and educators. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 20 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];4:815. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/815

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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