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Educational intervention on oral cancer in high-risk patients between 35-59 years

By
Yoneisy Abraham-Millán ,
Yoneisy Abraham-Millán

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Rosa María Montano-Silva ,
Rosa María Montano-Silva

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Yanelilian Padín-Gámez ,
Yanelilian Padín-Gámez

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Clínica Estomatológica Docente “José Lázaro Fonseca López del Castillo”. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Douglas Crispin-Rodríguez ,
Douglas Crispin-Rodríguez

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Policlínico Docente Universitario “Orestes Falls Oñate”. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Lauren Danitza Leyva-Manso ,
Lauren Danitza Leyva-Manso

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Ana Maura Ortiz-Figueroa ,
Ana Maura Ortiz-Figueroa

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: mortality from oropharyngeal cancer ranked tenth among cancer types in Cuba in 2020 and 2021.
Objective: to implement an educational intervention on oral cancer in high-risk patients between 35-59 years old.
Method: an educational intervention with a quasi-experimental design, before-after type, was carried out in consulting room 19, La Demajagua, Isla de la Juventud between April-September 2023. The population was 126 patients, the sample being made up of 80 at high risk of oral cancer. Theoretical, empirical and mathematical-statistical methods were used and the variables were used: risk to predict oral cancer, risk factors, oral hygiene, teaching aids and level of knowledge about oral cancer, oral hygiene, risk factors and oral self-examination.
Results: the risk of suffering from oral cancer was high in 63 % of the patients between 35-59 years old in the study office. Before the intervention, bad knowledge predominated, representing 48,7 % of the sample, managing to raise it to good after the intervention by 96,3 % . The Wilcoxon test demonstrated highly significant differences.
Conclusions: the main risk factors were: poor oral hygiene, smoking, consumption of hot or spicy foods and stress. The use of the website contributed to raising knowledge about oral cancer, the main risk factors associated with its appearance and oral self-examination, allowing the transformation of modes of action and the evaluation of the educational intervention implemented in high-risk patients between 35 and 35 years old as satisfactory.

How to Cite

1.
Abraham-Millán Y, Montano-Silva RM, Padín-Gámez Y, Crispin-Rodríguez D, Leyva-Manso LD, Ortiz-Figueroa AM. Educational intervention on oral cancer in high-risk patients between 35-59 years. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 20 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];4:816. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/816

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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