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Systematic reviews or meta-analyses

Neonatal complications in pregnant women due to alcohol and tobacco addiction

By
Nelly Tannia Montaguano Plaza ,
Nelly Tannia Montaguano Plaza

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato, Ecuador.

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Evelin Fernanda Velasco Acurio ,
Evelin Fernanda Velasco Acurio

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ambato, Ecuador.

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Abstract

Introduction: Alcohol and tobacco, present in society for centuries, represent serious risks during pregnancy. Alcohol can cause serious fetal disorders, such as FASD, while tobacco is linked to low birth weight and breathing problems. Both increase the probability of premature birth and neonatal complications, requiring preventive actions and urgent treatment. Objective: To determine neonatal complications in pregnant women with alcohol and tobacco addiction. Methodology: It is a literature review of the literature between 2019 and 2024. Academic databases such as Sciencie Direct, Google Scholar, SciELO, PubMed and Boolean operators were used to broaden the search. The PRISMA method is used to assess the quality of the studies. Results: The initial information search revealed a total set of 1532 articles, of which 60 met the eligibility criteria. Of these, 46 were not relevant, leaving a total of 15 records that contributed to the fulfillment of the study objectives and were used to carry out the meta-analysis. Conclusion: The consumption of alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy causes several neonatal complications, among them we can mention premature birth, low birth weight, among others.

How to Cite

1.
Montaguano Plaza NT, Velasco Acurio EF. Neonatal complications in pregnant women due to alcohol and tobacco addiction. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 24 [cited 2024 May 28];4:952. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/952

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