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Knowledge of self-medication with antibiotics in adults

By
Karla Rafaela Vásquez de La Bandera Zambrano ,
Karla Rafaela Vásquez de La Bandera Zambrano

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Carrera de Enfermería. Ambato, Ecuador

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Carolina Arráiz de Fernández ,
Carolina Arráiz de Fernández

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Carrera de Enfermería. Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction: In the quest to achieve wellness, people have resorted to self-care practices that can be harmful, the World Health Organization (WHO) defines self-medication as the freedom of individuals to consume over-the-counter medications without a prescription, for self-identified symptoms.
Objective: to determine the knowledge of self-medication with antibiotics in adults.
Methods: this study is quantitative and descriptive in scope. The sample consisted of 136 adults over 20 years of age who met the inclusion criteria. The questionnaire "Level of knowledge about self-medication with antibiotics in adults" was used for data collection, with validity and a Cronbach's alpha of 0.616 considered acceptable.
Results: 54.4% were female, 34.6% were housewives, 35.3% had secondary education, and 40.4% were between 31 and 50 years of age. The 64.0% of participants have self-medicated with antibiotics during the last year and the level of knowledge found is low with 44.1%.
Conclusion: the level of knowledge about self-medication with antibiotics is low. The main cause is lack of information and lack of knowledge added to the fact that they are easily accessible and are used to treat symptoms that do not require their use. It is important to focus on education and create regulatory policies for access and dispensing of these drugs to reduce their unnecessary use.

How to Cite

1.
Vásquez de La Bandera Zambrano KR, Arráiz de Fernández C. Knowledge of self-medication with antibiotics in adults. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 May 24];3:378. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/378

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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