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Leadership styles: a study in Latin America, the United States and Europe

By
Rolando Eslava Zapata ,
Rolando Eslava Zapata

Universidad Libre Colombia Seccional Cúcuta, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables. Cúcuta, Colombia

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Jesús Alfonso Omaña Guerrero ,
Jesús Alfonso Omaña Guerrero

Universidad de Kansas, Lawrence, Estados Unidos

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Francisco Javier Sierra Narváez ,
Francisco Javier Sierra Narváez

Universidad Libre Colombia Seccional Cúcuta, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables. Cúcuta, Colombia

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Johanna Milena Mogrovejo Andrade ,
Johanna Milena Mogrovejo Andrade

Universidad Libre Colombia Seccional Cúcuta, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables. Cúcuta, Colombia

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Abstract

Introduction: leadership styles vary in organizations due to multiple factors, such as policies or organizational culture. Today's globalized world and post-pandemic times require a leader capable of integrating people and motivating them to achieve objectives.
Objective: the aim of this study was to analyze leadership styles in organizations in Latin America, the United States and Europe.
Method: a sample of eighty-one leaders were administered a questionnaire composed of twenty-one items, in order to evaluate the leadership style with the Blake and Mouton test, in order to identify whether leaders are people-oriented or task-oriented.
Results: once the test was applied to the leaders of the study sample, it was found that 1.23% are social leaders, 4.94% are authoritarian leaders and 93.83% are team leaders.
Conclusions: today's society demands an integrative leadership style that helps transform the work team. Research on leadership identifies multiple factors that can lead to the selection of a leadership style. In this regard, the results obtained revealed that the team leadership style is the one most used by leaders.

How to Cite

1.
Eslava Zapata R, Omaña Guerrero JA, Sierra Narváez FJ, Mogrovejo Andrade JM. Leadership styles: a study in Latin America, the United States and Europe. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 May 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];3:401. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/401

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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