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A Comprehensive Review of the Pathogenesis and Virulence Factors of E. coli

By
Asha Kademane ,
Asha Kademane

Department of Life Science, School of Sciences, JAIN (Deemed-to-be University), Bangalore, India

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Meenal Dixit ,
Meenal Dixit

School of Life and Basic Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jaipur, India

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Vasundhara ,
Vasundhara

Department of Microbiology, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Abstract

Escherichia coli are very adaptable microbes that play a significant role in the typical gut microbiota of both humans and animals. This non-pathogenic commensal bacterium has the ability to acquire a variety of mobile genetic components that are comprehensive and include genes for virulence factors is a newly discovered human pathogen that may cause a wide range of extraintestinal and gastrointestinal illnesses. Nine distinct enteric E. coli pathotypes, which range from different gastrointestinal illnesses to infections of the urinary tract, have been thoroughly characterised. These collaboration use a variety of virulence factors and effectors that regulate their transmission and pathogenicity by disrupting the functioning of host cells. This article highlights recent advances in our knowledge of the many viruses linked to the genes that distinct external ecological of gastric harmful E. coli employ to trigger extraintestinal and digestive issues in people.

How to Cite

1.
Kademane A, Dixit M, Vasundhara. A Comprehensive Review of the Pathogenesis and Virulence Factors of E. coli. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 17 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];3:411. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/411

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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