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Hematological alterations in farmers exposed to organophosphate pesticides

By
Francisco Poveda Paredes ,
Francisco Poveda Paredes

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Carrera de Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Evelin Toapanta Toapanta ,
Evelin Toapanta Toapanta

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Carrera de Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Victoria Cevallos Bonilla ,
Victoria Cevallos Bonilla

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Carrera de Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Daniela Rosero Freire ,
Daniela Rosero Freire

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Carrera de Laboratorio Clínico. Ambato, Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction: Organophosphates (OP) are one of the most widely used types of pesticides in the agricultural sector, their purpose is the control and elimination of pests. However, their indiscriminate use and lack of precaution when handling them can become a health risk for farmers.
Objective: To determine hematological alterations in farmers who are part of the Artisanal Association for the Production of Agricultural and Livestock Goods of Píllaro (ABAPP) exposed to organophosphate pesticides.
Methods: A quantitative and observational study was carried out with univariate and bivariate analysis. The study population consisted of 64 farmers, aged between 25 and 60 years, who are part of the ABAPP, of whom 56.3% were women and 43.8% were men.
Results: The data obtained showed statistically significant values in relation to the time of exposure to OP, in leukocytosis, neutrophilia and monocytopenia; while, in relation to the use of personal protective equipment, significant values were reported with the increase in red blood cells, increase in hematocrit, increase in hemoglobin, leukocytosis, neutrophilia and monocytopenia.
Conclusions: Exposure to organophosphorus pesticides can cause health problems in agricultural workers.

How to Cite

1.
Poveda Paredes F, Rosero Freire DA, Cevallos Bonilla VM, Rosero Freire D. Hematological alterations in farmers exposed to organophosphate pesticides. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 11 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];3:568. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/568

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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