Introduction: Alcohol consumption is a public health problem, and in adolescents it is recognized as a socially accepted practice and an important vehicle for socialization among their peers. On the other hand, training in life skills has proven to be effective in preventing the initiation and/or reduction of alcohol consumption in the early stages of life.
Objective: Analyze the available scientific literature on the effects of life skills and alcohol consumption in adolescents.
Methods: Literature review carried out with the methodology proposed by Arksey and O'Malley. The databases used were; Virtual Health Library (VHL), SciELO, Google Scholar, PubMed and EBSCOhost. Different combinations were executed with the support of Boolean logical operators, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were established. Likewise, the Joanna Briggs Institute checklist was used for the selection and discrimination of articles.
Results: 10 studies that indicate the relationship between the study variables were analyzed. The most worked life skills were; the emotional component (attention, clarity, self-regulation and emotional repair), self-efficacy to resist pressure, self-esteem, risk perception, attitudes and beliefs, and consumption intention.
Conclusions: An important panorama of the characteristics of the interventions is discovered, with this, opportunities to replicate designs and implementation of interventions are proposed through the management of components that integrate training in life skills that have shown effectiveness in the face of the problem of alcohol consumption in adolescents.
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