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Explanatory model for the Control of the risk of obesity in Mexican adolescents

By
Diana Cristina Navarro Rodríguez ,
Diana Cristina Navarro Rodríguez

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Departamento de Enfermería. Aguascalientes, México

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Milton Carlos Guevara Valtier ,
Milton Carlos Guevara Valtier

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Enfermería. Nuevo León, México

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Ana María Salinas Martínez ,
Ana María Salinas Martínez

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Salud Pública y Nutrición e Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud

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María de los Ángeles Paz Morales ,
María de los Ángeles Paz Morales

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Enfermería. Nuevo León, México

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Velia Margarita Cárdenas Villarreal ,
Velia Margarita Cárdenas Villarreal

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Enfermería. Nuevo León, México

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Silvia Guadalupe Soltero Rivera ,
Silvia Guadalupe Soltero Rivera

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Enfermería. Nuevo León, México

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Abstract

Aim: Estimate the explanatory value of the Obesity Risk Control model in adolescents with normal weight and overweight, guided by the Health Promotion Model, Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, analytical study. The sample was calculated for a simple linear regression model that included age, sex, body mass index, personality traits, economic level, appetite traits, emotional eating, social support through social networks, family social support, self-regulation and locus of control. Spearman's Rho coefficient (p < .05) and linear regression (p < .001) were used, Results: 518 adolescents participated. The average age was 16.8 years (SD 0.9). 55.8% were women. The average body mass index was 23.1 kg/m2 (SD 2.7). 61.9% of female and 59.0% of male adolescents were of normal weight. Physical activity was poor in 74.3% and regular eating habits in 54.6%. The model was made up of seven explanatory variables that were: sex, personality traits of kindness, responsibility, squeamish attitude, self-regulation in physical activity and eating habits, as well as internal locus of control, which explained 27%, Conclusions: The Obesity Risk Control model was made up of seven variables that explained 27% of the behavior, preserving the Health Promotion Model constructs. It is important to conduct research that incorporates commitment to an action plan and immediate competition preferences, as these are constructs that take precedence over health-promoting behavior and that, if present, favor or impact behavior.

How to Cite

1.
Navarro Rodríguez DC, Guevara Valtier MC, Salinas Martínez AM, Paz Morales M de los Ángeles, Cárdenas Villarreal VM, Soltero Rivera SG. Explanatory model for the Control of the risk of obesity in Mexican adolescents. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];3:832. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/832

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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