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Interruption in anemia treatment increases prevalence: a comparison before and during the Covid 19 pandemic in a High Andean province of Peru

By
German Inga Huayllani ,
German Inga Huayllani

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Tayacaja Daniel Hernández Morillo, Huancavelica, Tayacaja, Perú

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Lida Ines Carhuas Peña ,
Lida Ines Carhuas Peña

Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Huancavelica, Perú

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Raul Ureta Jurado ,
Raul Ureta Jurado

Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Huancavelica, Perú

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Tarcila Hermelinda Cruz Sanchez ,
Tarcila Hermelinda Cruz Sanchez

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0456-8712

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Guido Flores Marín ,
Guido Flores Marín

Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Huancavelica, Perú

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Sonıa Amandy Sınche Charca ,
Sonıa Amandy Sınche Charca

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Tayacaja Daniel Hernández Morillo, Huancavelica, Tayacaja, Perú

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Oscar Wilfredo Diaz Gamboa ,
Oscar Wilfredo Diaz Gamboa

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Tayacaja Daniel Hernández Morillo, Huancavelica, Tayacaja, Perú

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Abstract

Introduction: Anemia in the world increased during the Covid-19 pandemic; uninterrupted treatment decreases its prevalence: Objective: to determine the relationship between access to treatment and prevalence of anemia before and during the pandemic in children under 5 years of age in the province of Angaraes - Peru. Method: relational research, correlational, cross-sectional design, using data from the Ministry of Health His Report and SIEN through a registration form validated by experts. For access to treatment the population was 771 and 903 children, for prevalence (3651, 3284), (3202 and 2754) children; normality was ruled out by kolmogorof Smirnov, Spearman's Rho and Mann-Whitney U (95% CI) were applied. Results: Before the pandemic, 46.7% accessed treatment without interruption, 19.5% with one month of interruption and 8.2% six months; during the pandemic it increased to 27.2% without interruption, 23.3% with one month of interruption and 19.5% six months; conditioning an increase in prevalence of 4.5% between 2020 and 2021; the mean prevalence before was 35% (95% C.I.: 31.2% - 38.5%); the mean prevalence before the pandemic was 35% (95% C.I.: 31.2% - 38.5%). C 95%: 31.2% - 38.8%) and during was 40.6% (C.I 95%: 36.6% - 44.2%); with an error of 0.005 there is a relationship between access to treatment and prevalence, the Rho Spearman value 0.115 indicates a low relationship; with a p value of 0.000 there is a difference in prevalence before and after. Conclusion: There is a low intensity relationship between access to treatment and prevalence of anemia, the latter being higher during the pandemic.

How to Cite

1.
Inga Huayllani G, Carhuas Peña LI, Ureta Jurado R, Cruz Sanchez TH, Flores Marín G, Sınche Charca SA, Diaz Gamboa OW. Interruption in anemia treatment increases prevalence: a comparison before and during the Covid 19 pandemic in a High Andean province of Peru. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 29 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];4:752. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/752

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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