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Prevalence of arterial hypertension and its risk factors in Pinar del Río

By
Odalys Lago Carballea ,
Odalys Lago Carballea

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Mercedes Martínez Cruz ,
Mercedes Martínez Cruz

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Jorge Luis Ferreiro Corrales ,
Jorge Luis Ferreiro Corrales

Dirección Provincial de Salud. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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María Caridad Ledesma Baño ,
María Caridad Ledesma Baño

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Keilan Duarte Hernadez ,
Keilan Duarte Hernadez

Dirección Provincial de Salud. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Odisleydi Ferreiro Lago ,
Odisleydi Ferreiro Lago

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: cardiovascular diseases, especially arterial hypertension, constitute a health problem with high prevalence.
Aim: to characterize the prevalence of arterial hypertension and its risk factors in Pinar del Río in 2018 and 2019.
Methods: observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in patients with arterial hypertension in the province of Pinar del Río during the years 2018 and 2019. Reports from the statistics department of the Provincial Health Directorate were used as a source for obtaining the information.
Results: the prevalence rate of hypertension was 27.31 and 28.50 per 100 inhabitants respectively in 2018 and 2019 of, with a variation of 4.35 %. The highest rate for both years was exhibited by Mantua municipality (36.52 and 37.17 per 100 inhabitants in 2018 and 2019 respectively). Smoking and sedentary lifestyle were the most prevalent risk factors (17 and 13 cases per 100 inhabitants). The highest smoking rates were exhibited in 2018 by Viñales and in 2019 by Mantua. Obesity and sedentary lifestyle showed higher prevalence in both 2018 and 2019 in Guane municipality. Viñales presented the highest prevalence of alcoholism, and La Palma of hypercholesterolemia.
Conclusions: there was an increasing trend in the prevalence of arterial hypertension and its risk factors between 2018 and 2019. The municipalities with the highest prevalence of arterial hypertension coincide with the highest prevalences of its risk factors.

How to Cite

1.
Lago Carballea O, Martínez Cruz M, Ferreiro Corrales JL, Ledesma Baño MC, Duarte Hernadez K, Ferreiro Lago O. Prevalence of arterial hypertension and its risk factors in Pinar del Río. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 6 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];2:149. Available from: https://revista.saludcyt.ar/ojs/index.php/sct/article/view/149

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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